World Journal of Surgery

, Volume 31, Issue 3, pp 562–568 | Cite as

Surgical and Interventional Visceral Revascularization for the Treatment of Chronic Mesenteric Ischemia—When to Prefer Which?

  • Matthias Biebl
  • W. Andrew OldenburgEmail author
  • Ricardo Paz-Fumagalli
  • J. Mark McKinney
  • Albert G. Hakaim



The purpose of the present study was to compare surgical and endovascular revascularization for chronic mesenteric ischemia (CMI).


Forty-nine patients underwent surgical (SG) or endovascular (EG) treatment. Relief of symptoms was considered the primary endpoint; patency, morbidity, and mortality were secondary endpoints. For statistical analysis, significance was assumed if P values ≤ 0.05.


Twenty-six patients (53%) underwent surgical revascularization; 23 patients (47%), endovascular repair. Mean follow-up was 25 ± 21 months (SG) versus 10 ± 10 (EG) months (P = 0.07). Except for body mass indices (SG 18.9 ± 2.7 versus EG 23.6 ± 4.8; P = 0.001), preoperative data were comparable. Freedom from symptoms was 100% (SG) versus 90% (EG) after intervention (P = 0.194), and 89% (SG) versus 75% (EG) at the end of follow-up. Reocclusion or re-stenosis occurred in 8% (SG) versus 25% (EG) (log-rank test: P = 0.003), and mesenteric ischemia developed in 0% (SG) versus 9% (EG) (P = 0.04). Reintervention for CMI was required in 0% (SG) versus 13% (EG) (P = 0.01). Surgical patients experienced more early complications (42% versus EG 4%; P = 0.02) and longer hospital stays (11.6 ± 10.9 days versus EG 1.3 ± 0.5 days; P < 0.001). Overall mortality at the end of follow-up was 31% (SG) versus 4% (EG) (log-rank test: P = 0.08), including all patients with combined open mesenteric and aortic reconstruction (P = 0.001).


Surgical treatment has superior long-term patency and requires fewer reinterventions, but it is also more invasive with greater morbidity and mortality compared to endovascular treatment. Endovascular techniques may be preferable in patients with significant co-morbidities, concomitant aortic disease, or indeterminate symptoms.


Endovascular Treatment Inferior Mesenteric Artery Celiac Artery Technical Success Rate Visceral Artery 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Société Internationale de Chirurgie 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Matthias Biebl
    • 1
    • 3
  • W. Andrew Oldenburg
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ricardo Paz-Fumagalli
    • 2
  • J. Mark McKinney
    • 2
  • Albert G. Hakaim
    • 1
  1. 1.Section of Vascular Surgery, Department of SurgeryMayo ClinicJacksonvilleUSA
  2. 2.Interventional RadiologyMayo ClinicJacksonvilleUSA
  3. 3.Department of General and Transplant SurgeryMedical UniversityInnsbruckAustria

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