Environmental Management

, Volume 63, Issue 2, pp 159–172 | Cite as

Global Aquaculture Productivity, Environmental Sustainability, and Climate Change Adaptability

  • Nesar AhmedEmail author
  • Shirley Thompson
  • Marion Glaser


To meet the demand for food from a growing global population, aquaculture production is under great pressure to increase as capture fisheries have stagnated. However, aquaculture has raised a range of environmental concerns, and further increases in aquaculture production will face widespread environmental challenges. The effects of climate change will pose a further threat to global aquaculture production. Aquaculture is often at risk from a combination of climatic variables, including cyclone, drought, flood, global warming, ocean acidification, rainfall variation, salinity, and sea level rise. For aquaculture growth to be sustainable its environmental impacts must reduce significantly. Adaptation to climate change is also needed to produce more fish without environmental impacts. Some adaptation strategies including integrated aquaculture, recirculating aquaculture systems (RAS), and the expansion of seafood farming could increase aquaculture productivity, environmental sustainability, and climate change adaptability.


Aquaculture Productivity Environment Climate change Adaptation 



The study was supported through the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation, Germany. The study was a part of the first author’s research work under the Georg Forster Research Fellowship by the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation at the Leibniz Center for Tropical Marine Research (ZMT) in Bremen, Germany. The study was also linked to the first author’s research at the Natural Resources Institute (NRI), University of Manitoba, Canada. An earlier draft of this paper was presented in March 2017 by the first author at the ZMT, Germany. We thank the audience for their positive encouragement. The views and opinions expressed herein are solely those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of ZMT or NRI. We thank two anonymous reviewers for insightful comments.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Natural Resources InstituteUniversity of ManitobaWinnipegCanada
  2. 2.Leibniz Center for Tropical Marine ResearchBremenGermany

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