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Contributions of the First Female Plastic Surgeon to Modern-Day Rhytidectomies

  • David Ritchie
  • Amishav BreslerEmail author
  • Boris PaskhoverEmail author
Letter to the Editor
  • 31 Downloads

Abstract

Dr. Suzanne Noël was a pioneer for female surgeons and made fundamental contributions to the field of plastic surgery. Her hallmark operation, the “petit operation,” defined the fundamental aspects to many modern rhytidectomies including the mini-lift and the short scar facelift. These contributions included camouflaging incisions in the hairline, limiting incision length, avoiding tension on the skin, meticulous handling of the skin edges, appropriate and precise vector placement, and staging operation when required. Through understanding the history of the fundamental principles on which rhytidectomy was constructed will help the cosmetic surgeon understand the nuances of this operation.

Level of Evidence V

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Keywords

Rhytidectomy Suzanne Noël Mini Face lift Cosmetic surgery Feminism 

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.

Human and Animal Rights

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.

Informed Consent

For this type of study informed consent is not required.

References

  1. 1.
    Mangat DS, Frankel JK (2017) The history of rhytidectomy. Fac Plast Surg FPS 33(3):247–249CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Jacquemin J (1988) Suzanne Noël. Soroptimist International, ParisGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Noël S (1926) La Chirurgie Esthétique, Son Rôle Social. Masson, ParisGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Martin PJ (2016) Suzanne Noël cosmetic surgery, feminism and beauty in early twentieth- century France. Routledge, LondonCrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Davis K (1999) Cosmetic surgery in a different voice: the case of Madame Noël. In: Women’s Studies International Forum, vol 22, no 5, p 488CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature and International Society of Aesthetic Plastic Surgery 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Saint George’s University School of Medicine, University Centre GrenadaSaint George’sGrenada
  2. 2.Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck SurgeryRutgers New Jersey Medical SchoolNewarkUSA

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