Retrobulbar Injection for Hyaluronic Acid Gel Filler-Induced Blindness: A Review of Efficacy and Technique
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While blindness after hyaluronic acid gel filler injection occurs only very rarely, it represents a devastating complication for the patient and the surgeon. Retrobulbar injection with hyaluronidase is the only known potential means of reversing this adverse event. However, positive outcomes remain anecdotal. We have attempted to review the current literature regarding possible efficacy and detail the indications and technique to be utilized, if hyaluronidase retrobulbar injection is to be attempted.
Level of Evidence V
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KeywordsFillers Filler-induced blindness Retrobulbar injection Retrobulbar hyaluronidase Hyaluronidase Hyaluronic acid
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest to disclose.
Statement of Human and Animal Rights or Ethical Approval
This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.
For this type of study, informed consent is not required.
Supplementary material 1 (MP4 107071 kb)
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