Single-Stage Mandibular Curved Ostectomy on Affected Side Combined with Bilateral Outer Cortex Grinding for Correction of Facial Asymmetry: Indications and Outcomes

  • Guodong Song
  • Xianlei Zong
  • Xiaoshuang Guo
  • Jingyi Zhao
  • Xiaolei JinEmail author
Original Article Craniofacial/Maxillofacial



Facial asymmetry combined with a prominent mandibular angle is common in the population. Its treatment involves two or three stages of surgeries. Generally, orthognathic surgery is a top priority. However, some patients with no severe occlusion disorders focus on the appearance and could not accept complex therapeutic procedures. This study evaluated the surgical effect of en bloc mandibular angle–body–chin curved ostectomy (MABCCO) combined with traditional mandibular angle curved ostectomy (MACO) and bilateral outer cortex grinding (OCG) to correct facial asymmetry and a prominent mandibular angle.


From September 2013 to November 2017, a total of 40 patients with facial asymmetry and prominent mandibular angle were chosen for this study. The authors performed single-stage surgery of en bloc MABCCO combined with traditional MACO and bilateral outer cortex grinding to correct facial asymmetry. Patient satisfaction was investigated by questionnaires at 6 months postoperation. The effectiveness was then evaluated through cephalometric radiographs, three-dimensional computed tomography, and preoperative and postoperative standard facial photographs.


The postoperative results of all 40 cases showed that facial asymmetry was effectively corrected without serious complications, and the square face was also significantly improved with a harmonious mandibular contour. There was a statistical difference between the patient’s preoperative and postoperative satisfaction scores (p < 0.05). The objective esthetic outcomes evaluated by both surgeons and patients were quite satisfactory.


Single-stage surgery of en bloc MABCCO combined with traditional MACO and bilateral OCG was an adaptable option for correction of facial asymmetry and prominent mandibular angle with slight occlusion disorders, which can both largely shorten treatment time and shape a harmonious face.

Level of Evidence IV

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Facial asymmetry Mandibular angle–body–chin curved ostectomy Mandibular angle ostectomy Contouring Indication 



This study was funded by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 81400565).

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of Plastic Surgery Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Peking Union College and with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature and International Society of Aesthetic Plastic Surgery 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Craniomaxillofacial Surgery, Plastic Surgery HospitalChinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical CollegeBeijingChina

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