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Aesthetic Plastic Surgery

, Volume 43, Issue 1, pp 76–82 | Cite as

Simultaneous Nipple–Areola Complex Reconstruction Technique: Combination Nipple Sharing and Tattooing

  • Han Gyu Cha
  • Jin Geun Kwon
  • Eun Key KimEmail author
Original Article Breast Surgery

Abstract

Background

Nipple–areola complex (NAC) reconstruction is the final critical process used to achieve breast symmetry, patient satisfaction, and overall reconstruction completeness. Here, we introduce our simplified simultaneous NAC reconstruction approach with nipple sharing and tattooing that resulted in minimal morbidity, high patient satisfaction, and a shortened total reconstructive period.

Methods

Patients who underwent simultaneous nipple sharing and tattooing between July 2012 and December 2017 after the final operative procedure or adjuvant therapy were included. We retrospectively evaluated breast reconstruction type, interval between breast and NAC reconstruction, mean operation time for simultaneous nipple sharing and tattooing, and postoperative complications. Overall patient satisfaction and willingness to undergo simultaneous NAC reconstruction again were assessed.

Results

The mean interval between the final operative procedure or adjuvant therapy and NAC reconstruction was 4.4, 4.4, and 6.7 months in non-adjuvant patients, those who underwent chemotherapy, and those who underwent radiotherapy, respectively. The mean operation time for simultaneous NAC reconstruction was 46 min. No major complications such as infection or total nipple loss were observed regardless of breast reconstruction type at least 6 months postoperatively. The average overall satisfaction was 8.0 on a 10-point scale, and 96.9% of patients indicated that they would undergo this simultaneous NAC reconstruction again.

Conclusions

Our simplified technique of simultaneous nipple sharing and tattooing is safe and reliable and features high patient satisfaction rates. Additionally, it can be performed in the clinical setting and is convenient for patients and surgeons alike since it features a decreased total reconstruction period.

Level of Evidence IV

This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authors www.springer.com/00266.

Keywords

Nipple–areola complex reconstruction NAC reconstruction Breast reconstruction Nipple reconstruction Nipple sharing Tattoo 

Notes

Acknowledgements

None of the authors has a commercial associations or financial interests to disclose. All authors have contributed to this paper and agreed in its readiness for submission. This article has not been submitted elsewhere simultaneously.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature and International Society of Aesthetic Plastic Surgery 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Plastic Surgery, Asan Medical CenterUniversity of Ulsan, College of MedicineSeoulKorea

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