The Application of the Acellular Dermal Matrix in the Correction of the Tear Trough Deformity
The acellular dermal matrix (ADM) used in correcting the tear trough deformity has been reported, but there were only a few cases. The long-term effectiveness of ADM was not clear. We aim to discuss the technique and the effect of using ADM to correct the tear trough deformity through more cases.
A retrospective study was conducted from January 2012 to January 2017. Twenty-six patients who showed obvious tear trough deformity with moderate or severe orbital fat bulging and excess of lower eyelid skin were treated with ADM to improve the appearance of the midface. Follow-up was performed for 2–12 months in 26 cases. The level of postoperative satisfaction was assessed by interview during the follow-up and rated as very satisfied, satisfied, acceptable, or unacceptable.
Twenty patients were very satisfied for having achieved complete correction. Three patients were satisfied for having achieved obvious improvement. Three patients felt the results were just acceptable and were refilled because of the insufficiency of the filler. No one was unacceptable. There were no complications such as rapid resorption, rejection, or inflammation.
The method of using ADM for the correction of tear trough deformity has the advantages of low absorption rate, good appearance, and high security. It provides a new choice for the treatment of tear trough deformity.
Level of Evidence IV
This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authors www.springer.com/00266.
KeywordsTear trough deformity Acellular dermal matrix (ADM) Histological changes Periorbital rejuvenation
Compliance with Ethical Standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest to disclose.
All procedures performed in this study involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee, and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. For this type of study formal consent is not required.