International Orthopaedics

, Volume 43, Issue 8, pp 1993–1998 | Cite as

Congenital orthopaedic limp deformities in Corpus Hippocraticum

  • Maria-Triantafyllia Revelou
  • Anna Eleftheriou
  • Georgia Fezoulidi
  • Panayiotis Hatzikyriakou
  • Vasileios Raoulis
  • Gregory Tsoucalas
Orthopaedic Heritage


During the fifth century BC in ancient Greece during the eve of orthopaedics, the Hippocratic School of Medicine diagnosed a series of congenital limb deformities. Congenital dislocation of the arm, elbow, wrist, hip, knee, tarsotibial joint, apex leg, as well as talipes valgus (clubfoot), congenital clavicle fractures, and thumb malfunction were all discussed by Hippocrates and his followers. Ancient Greek medico-philosophers, fond of a “perfect” human body, proposed an immediate non-interventional approach, while archaic orthotics and specialized footwear were suggested. The Hippocratic methodology was once more re-emerged in the sixteenth century by Ambroise Paré and in the nineteenth century by Wilhelm Roser, becoming since then the main principle for the confrontation of congenital deformities. Various surgeons until nowadays are still being influenced by the Hippocratic doctrine.


Hippocrates Corpus Hippocraticum Ancient Greece Orthopaedics Congenital limb deformities Orthotics Clubfoot Ambroise Paré Wilhelm Roser 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© SICOT aisbl 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maria-Triantafyllia Revelou
    • 1
  • Anna Eleftheriou
    • 1
  • Georgia Fezoulidi
    • 1
  • Panayiotis Hatzikyriakou
    • 1
  • Vasileios Raoulis
    • 1
  • Gregory Tsoucalas
    • 1
  1. 1.History of Medicine, Anatomy Department, School of MedicineDemocritus University of ThraceAlexandroupolisGreece

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