Lateral column lengthening versus subtalar arthroereisis for paediatric flatfeet: a systematic review
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This systematic review aimed to compare radiographic correction, clinical outcomes, complications, and re-operations between lateral column lengthening (LCL) and arthroereisis (AR) for treating symptomatic flatfoot in children.
We conducted a comprehensive search on MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library databases. Literature search, data extraction, and quality assessment were conducted by two independent reviewers. The outcomes analyzed included radiographic parameters, clinical scores, satisfaction, complications, and re-operations.
Twenty-one and 13 studies were included in the LCL and AR groups, respectively. The change in anteroposterior talo-first metatarsal angle was greater in the LCL (9.5° to 21.7°) than in the AR group (10.6° to 12.8°). The change in calcaneal pitch was greater in the LCL (2.1° to 26.53°) than in the AR group (− 1.3° to 3.23°). Improvements in the American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) ankle–hindfoot score were greater in the LCL (27.7 to 39.1) than in the AR group (17 to 22). The percentage of satisfaction was similar between the LCL (68% to 89%) and AR (78.5% to 96.4%) groups. The complication rate was higher in the LCL (0% to 86.9%) than in the AR group (3.5% to 45%). The most common complications were calcaneocuboid subluxation and persistent pain in the LCL and AR groups, respectively. The re-operation rate was similar between the LCL (0% to 27.3%) and AR (0% to 36.4%) groups.
The LCL group has achieved more radiographic corrections and more improvements in the AOFAS score than the AR group. Complications were more common in the LCL group than in the AR group, and the re-operation rates were similar between the two groups.
KeywordsFlatfoot Subtalar arthroereisis Lateral column lengthening Calcaneal lengthening Children Systematic review
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