Advertisement

International Orthopaedics

, Volume 43, Issue 4, pp 981–986 | Cite as

Failure of lumbar disc surgery: management by fusion or arthroplasty?

  • Vladimir KovačEmail author
Review

Abstract

Purpose

To analyze and clarify conflicting aspects of fusion and total disc replacement (TDR) surgery in literature.

Method

Using keywords, 23 literature reviews, 41 studies accepted by “importance criteria” from the Internet, and 16 articles “published in 2018” were chosen. Altogether 80 studies.

Results

General assessment was mentioned as affirmative for TDR in 40 papers, five were negative, 24 without clear decision. Long term results TDR seven affirmative, four nondecisive. Comparison to fusion (general, ALIF, 3600, BAK cage) 18 found as better, nine equal, one nondecisive. Complications TDR 3–50%. Adjacent disc degeneration disease recognized in 14 papers, denied existence in four. Cost-benefit effective in three papers comparing to fusions, ALIF, 3600. Nonimbursement from the state mentioned as problem in three papers. Salvage surgery seven papers, rare but extremely problematic. Anterior approach 16 challenging surgery, one 10% minor, one 38.5% transient complications, one 1.8% retrograde ejaculations, one 6.6% vascular injuries, two access surgeon needed. Construct judgment two no importance, 22 wear and durability problems, two inadequate biomechanics and biomaterials, three construct and lateral approach. Impact of TDR upon spine surgery is decreasing, currently is less than 2%.

Conclusion

It is concluded that problems with anterior surgery, imbursement policy, and potential problems with salvage surgery are major reasons for loosing popularity of TDR surgery.

Keywords

Failed disc surgery Arthroplasty Fusions Literature review 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The author declares that he has no conflict of interest.

References

  1. 1.
    Rajaee SS, Bae HW, Kanim LE, Delamarter RB (2012) Spinal fusion in the United States: analysis of trends from 1998 to 2008. Spine 37(1):67–76CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Parker SL, Mendenhall SK, Godil SS, Sivasubramanian P, Cahill K, Ziewacz J, McGirt MJ (2015) Incidence of low back pain after lumbar discectomy for herniated disc and its effect on patientreported outcomes. Clin Orthop Relat Res 473(6):1988–1999CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Fritzell P, Hagg O, Wessberg P, Nordwall A (2001) 2001 Volvo award winner in clinical studies: lumbar fusion versus nonsurgical treatment for chronic low back pain: a multicenter randomized controlled trial from the Swedish Lumbar Spine Study Group. Spine 26:2521–2532CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Fritzell P, Hägg O, Jonsson D, Nordwall A (2004) Swedish lumbar spine study group cost effectiveness of lumbar fusion and nonsurgical treatment for chronic low back pain in the Swedish lumbar spine study: a multicentre, randomized, controlled trial from the Swedish Lumbar Spine Study Group. Spine 29(4):421–434CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Fritzell P, Hagg O, Wessberg P, Nordwall A (2002) Chronic low back pain and fusion: a comparison of three surgical techniques: a prospective multicenter randomized study from the Swedish Lumbar Spine Study Group. Spine 27:1131–1141CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Lee CK, Langrana NA (2004) A review of spinal fusion for degenerative disc disease: need for alternative treatment approach of disc arthroplasty? Spine J 4(6 Suppl):173–176CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Formica M, Divano S, Cavagnaro L, Basso M, Zanirato A, Formica C, Felli L (2017) Lumbar total disc arthroplasty: outdated surgery or here to stay procedure? A systematic review of current literature. J Orthop Traumatol 18(3):197–215CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Salzmann SN, Plais N, Shue J, Girardi FP (2017) Lumbar disc replacement surgery—successes and obstacles to widespread adoption. Curr Rev Musculoskelet Med 10:153–159.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s12178-017-9397-4 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Putzier M, Funk JF, Schneider SV, Gross C, Tohtz SW, Khodadadyan-Klostermann C, Perka C, Kandziora F (2006) Charite total disc replacement—clinical and radiographical results after an average follow-up of 17years. Eur Spine J 15:183–195.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00586-005-10223 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Shultz BN, Wilson AT, Ondeck NT, Bovonratwet P, McLynn RP, Cui JJ, Grauer JN (2018) Total disc arthroplasty versus anterior interbody fusion in the lumbar spine have relatively a few differences in readmission and short-term adverse events. Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 43(1):52–59.  https://doi.org/10.1097/BRS.0000000000002337 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Tropiano P, Huang RC, Girardi FP, Marnay T (2003) Lumbar disc replacement: preliminary results with ProDisc II after a minimum follow-up period of 1 year. J Spinal Disord Tech 16:362–368CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Plais N, Thevenot X, Cogniet A, Rigal J, Le Huec JC (2018) Maverick total disc arthroplasty performs well at 10 years follow-up: a prospective study with HRQL and balance analysis. Eur Spine J 27(3):720–727.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00586-017-5065-z CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Jacobs WC, van der Gaag NA, Kruyt MC, Tuschel A, de Kleuver M, Peul WC et al (2013) Total disc replacement for chronic discogenic low back pain: a Cochrane review. Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 38(1):24–36.  https://doi.org/10.1097/BRS.0b013e3182741b21 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Mayer HM, Wiechert K, Korge A, Qose I (2002) Minimally invasive total disc replacement: surgical technique and preliminary clinical results. Eur Spine J 11(Suppl 2):124–130Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Saifi C, Cazzulino A, Park C, Laratta J, Louie PK, Shillingford JN, Lehman R Jr, An H, Phillips F (2018) National trends for primary and revision lumbar disc arthroplasty throughout the United States. Global Spine J 8(2):172–177.  https://doi.org/10.1177/2192568217726980 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Abi-Hanna D, Kerferd J, Phan K, Rao P, Mobbs R (2018) Lumbar disk arthroplasty for degenerative disk disease: literature review. World Neurosurg 109:188–196.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2017.09.153 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Sasso RC, Foulk DM, Hahn M (2008) Prospective, randomized trial of metal-on-metal artificial lumbar disc replacement: initial results for treatment of discogenic pain. Spine 33(2):123–131.  https://doi.org/10.1097/BRS.0b013e31816043af CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Mayer M (2018) Reviewer’s comment concerning “lumbar total disc replacement: predictors for 8year outcome” (by H. Furunes et al. [2017] Eur Spine J). Eur Spine J 27(3):719–719CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    de Kleuver M, Oner FC, Jacobs WC (2003) Total disc replacement for chronic low back pain: background and a systematic review of the literature. Eur Spine J 12:108–116Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Ooij Van A, Oner FC (2003) Complications of artificial disc replacement: a report of 27 patients with the SB Charite disc. J Spinal Disord Tech 16(4):369–383CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Stubig T, Ahmed M, Ghasemi A, Nasto LA, Grevitt M (2018) Total disc replacement versus anterior-posterior interbody fusion in the lumbar spine and lumbosacral junction: a cost analysis. Global Spine J 8(2):129–136.  https://doi.org/10.1177/2192568217713009 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    van den Eerenbeemt KD, Ostelo RW, van Royen BJ, Peul WC, van Tulder MW (2010) Total disc replacement surgery for symptomatic degenerative lumbar disc disease: a systematic review of the literature. Eur Spine J 19:1262–1280CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Cunningham BW, Gordon JD, Dmitriev AE, Hu N, McAfee PC (2003) Biomechanical evaluation of total disc replacement arthroplasty: an in vitro human cadaveric model. Spine 28(20):110–117CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Scott-Young M, McEntee L, Schram B, Rathbone E, Hing W, Nielsen D (2018) Concurrent use of lumbar total disc arthroplasty and anterior lumbar interbody fusion: the lumbar hybrid procedure for the treatment of multilevel symptomatic degenerative disc disease: a prospective study. Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 43(2):75–81.  https://doi.org/10.1097/BRS.0000000000002263 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Anderson PA, Rouleau MD, Jeffrey P (2004) Intervertebral disc arthroplasty. Spine 29(23):2779–2786CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Farfan HF, Cossette JW, Robertson GH, Wells RV, Kraus H (1970) The effects of torsion on the lumbar intervertebral joints: the role of torsion in the production of disc degeneration. JBJS 52(3):468–497CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Furunes H, Hellum C, Brox JI, Rossvoll I, Espeland A, Berg L, Brøgger HM, Småstuen S (2018) Lumbar total disc replacement: predictors for long-term outcome. Eur Spine J 27(3):709–718.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00586-017-5375-1 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Freeman BJC, Davenport J (2006) Total disc replacement in the lumbar spine: a systematic review of the literature. Eur Spine J 15(Suppl 3):439–447CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Delamarter R, Zigler JE, Balderston RA, Cammisa FP, Goldstein JA, Spivak JM (2011) Prospective, randomized, multicenter Food and Drug Administration investigational device exemption study of the ProDisc-L total disc replacement compared with circumferential arthrodesis for the treatment of two-level lumbar degenerative disc disease: results at twenty-four months. JBJS 93(8):705–715.  https://doi.org/10.2106/JBJS.I.00680 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Hur JW, Kim JS, Ryu KS, Shin MH, Park CK (2018) Time course of radiologic changes after lumbar total disc replacement: experience of single institute with minimum 5-year follow up. Clin Spine Surg 31(5):278–285.  https://doi.org/10.1097/BSD.0000000000000650 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Hongfei N, Chen G, Wang X, Zeng J (2015) Comparison of total disc replacement with lumbar fusion: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. J Coll Phys Surg Pak 25(1):60–67Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Bertagnoli R, Yue JJ, Shah RV, Nanieva R, Pfeiffer F, Fenk-Mayer A, Kershaw T, Husted DS (2005) The treatment of disabling multilevel lumbar discogenic low back pain with total disc arthroplasty utilizing the ProDisc prosthesis: a prospective study with 2-year minimum follow-up. Spine 30(19):2192–2199CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Lazennec JY, Rakover JP, Rousseau MA (2018) Five-year follow-up of clinical and radiological outcomes of LP-ESP elastomeric lumbar total disc replacement in active patients. Spine J.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.spinee.2018.05.023
  34. 34.
    Hoffmann CH, Castein J, Kandziora F (2018) Staged surgical treatment for infection of total disc arthroplasty: three cases and a narrative review of the literature. Eur Spine J.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00586-018-5648-3
  35. 35.
    Deyo RA, Nachemson A, Mirza SK (2004) Spinal-fusion surgery—the case for restraint. N Engl J Med 350:722–726.  https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMsb031771 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Gelalis ID, Papadopoulos DV, Giannoulis DK, Tsantes AG, Korompilias AV (2018) Spinal motion preservation surgery: indications and applications. Eur J Orthop Surg Traumatol 28(3):335342.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00590-017-2052-3 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Zigler J, Gornet MF, Ferko N, Cameron C, Schranck FW, Patel L (2018) Comparison of lumbar total disc replacement with surgical spinal fusion for the treatment of single-level degenerative disc disease: a meta-analysis of 5-year outcomes from randomized controlled trials. Global Spine J 8(4):413–423.  https://doi.org/10.1177/2192568217737317 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Bertagnoli R, Yue JJ, Shah RV, Nanieva R, Pfeiffer F, Fenk-Mayer A, Kershaw T, Husted DS (2005) The treatment of disabling single-level lumbar discogenic low back pain with total disc arthroplasty utilizing the prodisc prosthesis: a prospective study with 2-year minimum follow-up. Spine 30:2230–2236CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Faure A, Khalifé M, Thiebaut B, Roubineau F, Flouzat Lachaniette CH, Dubory A (2018) Influence of the initial sagittal lumbar alignment on clinical and radiological outcomes of single level lumbar total disc replacements at a minimum 2-year follow-up. Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 43(16):959–967.  https://doi.org/10.1097/BRS.0000000000002606 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Park CK (2015) Total disc replacement in lumbar degenerative disc diseases. J Korean Neurosurg Soc 58(5):401–411.  https://doi.org/10.3340/jkns.2015.58.5.401 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Wuertinger C, Annes RDÀ, Hitzl W, Siepe CJ (2018) Motion preservation following total lumbar disc replacement at the lumbosacral junction: a prospective long-term clinical and radiographic investigation. Spine J 18(1):72–80.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.spinee.2017.06.035 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Saavedra-Pozo FM, Deusdara RA, Benzel EC (2014) Adjacent segment disease perspective and review of the literature. Ochsner J 14:78–83Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    Resnick DK, Choudhri TF, Dailey AT, Groff MW, Khoo L, Matz PG, Mummaneni P, Watters WC, Wang J, Walters BC, Hadley MN (2005) Guidelines for the performance of fusion procedures for degenerative disease of the lumbar spine. Part 7: intractable low-back pain without stenosis or spondylolisthesis. J Neurosurg Spine 2(6):670–672CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    Grassner L, Grillhösl A, Bierschneider M, Strowitzki M (2018) Disc herniation caused by a viscoelastic nucleus after total lumbar disc replacement—a case report. J Spine Surg 4(2):478–482.  https://doi.org/10.21037/jss.2018.05.21 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    Xia XP, Chen HL, Cheng HB (2013) Prevalence of adjacent segment degeneration after spine surgery: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 38(7):597–608.  https://doi.org/10.1097/BRS.0b013e318273a2ea CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    Punt IM, Visser VM, van Rhijn LW, Kurtz SM, Antonis J, Schurink GWH, van Ooij A (2008) Complications and reoperations of the SB Charité lumbar disc prosthesis: experience in 75 patients. Eur Spine J 17(1):36–43.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00586-0070506-8 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    Park HJ, Lee CS, Chung SS, Park SJ, Kim WS, Park JS, Lee KJ, Hwang CH (2018) Radiological and clinical long-term results of heterotopic ossification following lumbar total disc replacement. Spine J 18(5):762–768.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.spinee.2017.09.003 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    Gibson JN, Waddell G (2005) Surgery for degenerative lumbar spondylosis: updated Cochrane review. Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 30(20):2312–2320CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    Kapural L, Ng A, Dalton J, Mascha E, Kapural M, de la Garza M, Mekhail N (2008) Intervertebral disc biacuplasty for the treatment of lumbar discogenic pain: results of a six-month follow-up. Pain Med 9(1):60–67.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1526-4637.2007.00407.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    D'Este M, Eglin D, Alini M (2018) Lessons to be learned and future directions for intervertebral disc biomaterials. Acta Biomater 78:13–22.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actbio.2018.08.004 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. 51.
    German JW, Foley MD, Kevin T (2005) Disc arthroplasty in the management of the painful lumbar motion segment. Spine 30(16):60–67.  https://doi.org/10.1097/01.brs.0000174511.66830.e9 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    Schulte TL, Leistra F, Bullmann V, Osada N, Vieth V, Marquard B, Lerner T, Liljenqvist U, Hackenberg L (2007) Disc height reduction in adjacent segments and clinical outcome 10 years after lumbar 360 degrees fusion. Eur Spine J 16(12):2152–2158CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. 53.
    Lu S, Sun S, Kong C, Sun W, Hu H, Wang Q, Hai Y (2018) Long-term clinical results following Charite III lumbar total disc replacement. Spine J 18(6):917–925.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.spinee.2017.08.252 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. 54.
    Büttner-Janz K, Guyer RD, Ohnmeiss DD (2014) Indications for lumbar total disc replacement: selecting the right patient with the right indication for the right total disc. Int J Spine Surg 8:12.  https://doi.org/10.14444/1012 eCollection 2014CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. 55.
    Berg S, Tullberg T, Branth B, Olerud C, Tropp H (2009) Total disc replacement compared to lumbar fusion: a randomised controlled trial with 2-year follow-up. Eur Spine J 18(10):1512–1519CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. 56.
    Stieber JR, Donald GD (2006) Early failure of lumbar disc replacement: case report and review of the literature. J Spinal Disord Tech 19(1):55–60CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. 57.
    Siepe CJ, Heider F, Wiechert K, Hitzl W, Ishak B, Mayer MH (2014) Mid- to long-term results of total lumbar disc replacement: a prospective analysis with 5- to 10-year follow-up. Spine J 14(8):1417–1431.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.spinee.2013.08.028 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. 58.
    Patel AA, Brodke DS, Pimenta L, Bono CM, Hilibrand AS, Harrop JS, Riew KD, Youssef JA, Vaccaro AR (2008) Revision strategies in lumbar total disc arthroplasty. Spine 33(11):1276–1283CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. 59.
    Mayer HM, Wiechert K (2002) Microsurgical anterior approaches to the lumbar spine for interbody fusion and total disc replacement. Neurosurgery 51(5 Suppl):159–165Google Scholar
  60. 60.
    Awe OO, Maltenfort GM, Prasad S, Harrop JS, Ratliff JK (2011) Impact of total disc arthroplasty on the surgical management of lumbar degenerative disc disease: analysis of the nationwide inpatient sample from 2000 to 2008. Surg Neurol Int 2:139CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. 61.
    Mobbs RJ, Pan K, Daly D, Rao PJ, Lennox A (2016) Approach-related complications of anterior lumbar interbody fusion: results of a combined spine and vascular surgical team. Global Spine J 6(2):147–154.  https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0035-1557141 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. 62.
    Schluessmann E, Diel P, Aghayev E, Zweig T, Moulin P, Röder C, On behalf of School of the SWISSspine Registry Group (2009) SWISSspine: a nationwide registry for health technology assessment of lumbar disc prostheses. Eur Spine J 18(6):851–861CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. 63.
    Goel VK, Grauer JN, Patel TC, Biyani A, Sairyo K, Vishnubhotla S, Matyas A, Cowgill I, Shaw M, Long R, Dick D, Panjabi MM, Serhan H (2005) Effects of charité artificial disc on the implanted and adjacent spinal segments mechanics using a hybrid testing protocol. Spine 30(24):2755–2764CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. 64.
    Reeks J, Liang H (2015) Materials and their failure mechanisms in total disc replacement. Lubricants 3:346–364CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. 65.
    Gan JCC, Ducheyne P, Vresilovic E, Shapiro I (1999) Compositions and methods for intervertebral disc reformation. US Patent 5,964,807Google Scholar
  66. 66.
    Harrop JS, Youssef JA, Maltenfort M, Vorwald P, Jabbour P, Bono CM, Goldfarb N, Vaccaro AR, Hilibrand AS (2008) Lumbar adjacent segment degeneration and disease after arthrodesis and total disc arthroplasty. Spine 33(15):1701–1707.  https://doi.org/10.1097/BRS.0b013e31817bb956 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. 67.
    Guyer RD, McAfee PC, Hochschuler SH, Blumenthal SL, Fedder IL, Ohnmeiss DD, Cunningham BW (2004) Prospective randomized study of the Charite artificial disc: data from two investigational centers. Spine J 4(6 Suppl):252–259CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. 68.
    Kurtz SM, van Ooij A, Ross R, de Waal MJ, Peloza J, Ciccarelli L et al (2007) Polyethylene wear and rim fracture in total disc arthroplasty. Spine J 7:12–21CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. 69.
    Rajaraman V, Vingan R, Roth P, Heary RF, Conklin L, Jacobs GB (1999) Visceral and vascular complications resulting from anterior lumbar interbody fusion. J Neurosurg 91(1 Suppl):60–64Google Scholar
  70. 70.
    RL Assell, CD Ray (2000) Google Patents. US Patent 6,022,376, 8 Feb 2000Google Scholar
  71. 71.
    Hellum C, Johnsen LG, Storheim K, Nygaard OP, Brox JI, Rossvoll I, Rø M, Sandvik L, Grundnes O (2011) Surgery with disc prosthesis versus rehabilitation in patients with low back pain and degenerative disc: two year follow-up of randomised study. Norwegian Spine Study Group. BMJ 19(342):27–86.  https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.d2786 Google Scholar
  72. 72.
    Zigler J, Delamarter R, Spivak JM, Linovitz RJ, Danielson GO, Haider TT, Cammisa F, Zuchermann J, Balderston R, Kitchel S, Foley K, Watkins R, Bradford D, Yue J, Yuan H, Herkowitz H, Geiger D, Bendo J, Peppers T, Sachs B, Girardi F, Kropf M, Goldstein J (2007) Results of the prospective, randomized, multicenter Food and Drug Administration investigational device exemption study of the ProDisc-L total disc replacement versus circumferential fusion for the treatment of 1-level degenerative disc disease. Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 32(11):1155–1162 discussion 1163CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. 73.
    Geisler FH (2004) Neurological complications of lumbar artificial disc replacement and comparison of clinical results with those related to lumbar arthrodesis in the literature: results of a multicenter, prospective, randomized investigational device exemption study of Charité intervertebral disc. J Neurosurg Spine 1(2):143–154.  https://doi.org/10.3171/spi.2004.1.2.0143 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. 74.
    McAfee PC, Cunningham B, Holsapple G, Adams K, Blumenthal S, Guyer RD, Dmietriev A, Maxwell JH, Regan JJ, Isaza J (2005) A prospective, randomized, multicenter Food and Drug Administration investigational device exemption study of lumbar total disc replacement with the CHARITE artificial disc versus lumbar fusion: part II: evaluation of radiographic outcomes and correlation of surgical technique accuracy with clinical outcomes. Spine 30(14):1576–1583 discussion E388–90CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. 75.
    Blumenthal S, McAfee PC, Guyer RD, Hochschuler SH, Geisler FH, Holt RT et al (2005) A prospective, randomized, multicenter Food and Drug Administration investigational device exemptions study of lumbar total disc replacement with the CHARITE artificial disc versus lumbar fusion : part I : evaluation of clinical outcomes. Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 30:1565–1575 discussion E387-E391CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. 76.
    Wong DA, Annesser B, Birney T, Lamond R, Kumar A, Johnson S, Jatana S, Ghiselli G (2007) Incidence of contraindications to total disc arthroplasty: a retrospective review of 100 consecutive fusion patients with a specific analysis of facet arthrosis. Spine J 7(1):5–11CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. 77.
    Fritzell P, Berg S, Borgström F, Tullberg T, Tropp H (2011) Cost effectiveness of disc prosthesis versus lumbar fusion in patients with chronic low back pain: randomized controlled trial with 2-year follow-up. Eur Spine J 20(7):1001–1011.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00586-010-1607-3 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. 78.
    Hägg O, Fritzell P, Ekselius L, Nordwall A (2003) Predictors of outcome in fusion surgery for chronic low back pain. A report from the Swedish lumbar spine study. Eur Spine J 12:22–33Google Scholar
  79. 79.
    Mattei TA, Beer J, Teles AR, Rehman AA, Aldag J, Dinh D (2017) Clinical outcomes of total disc replacement versus anterior lumbar interbody fusion for surgical treatment of lumbar degenerative disc disease. Global Spine J 7(5):452–459.  https://doi.org/10.1177/2192568217712714 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. 80.
    Bertagnoli R, Yue JJ, Kershaw T, Shah RV, Pfeiffer F, Fenk-Mayer A et al (2006) Lumbar total disc arthroplasty utilizing the ProDisc prosthesis in smokers versus nonsmokers : a prospective study with 2-year minimum follow-up. Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 31:992–997CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. 81.
    Siepe CJ, Mayer HM, Heinz-Leisenheimer M, Korge A (2007) Total lumbar disc replacement: different results for different levels. Spine 32(7):782–790CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. 82.
    Bao HY, Kong C, Wang QYI, Su Q, Zang L, Kang N, Long MX, Wang Y (2015) An 11-year minimum follow-up of the Charite III lumbar disc replacement for the treatment of symptomatic degenerative disc disease. Eur Spine J 24:2056–2064CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. 83.
    Siepe CJ, Wiechert K, Khattab MF, Korge A, Mayer HM (2007) Total lumbar disc replacement in athletes: clinical results, return to sport and athletic performance. Eur Spine J 16(7):1001–1013.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00586-006-0257-y CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. 84.
    Bertagnoli R, Yue JJ, Nanieva R, Fenk-Mayer A, Husted DS, Shah RV, Emerson JW (2006) Lumbar total disc arthroplasty in patients older than 60 years of age: a prospective study of the ProDisc prosthesis with 2-year minimum follow-up period. J Neurosurg Spine 4(2):85–90CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. 85.
    Bertagnoli R, Yue JJ, Fenk-Mayer A, Eerulkar J, Emerson JW (2006) Treatment of symptomatic adjacent-segment degeneration after lumbar fusion with total disc arthroplasty by using the prodisc prosthesis: a prospective study with 2-year minimum follow up. J Neurosurg Spine 4(2):91–97CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. 86.
    Pimenta L, Oliveira L, Schaffa T, Coutinho E, Marchi L (2011) Lumbar total disc replacement from an extreme lateral approach : clinical experience with a minimum of 2 years’ follow-up. J Neurosurg Spine 14:38–45CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  87. 87.
    Zhang D, Gao X, Jiang J, Shen Y, Ding W, Cui H (2018) Safe placement of pedicle screw in lumbar spine with minimum three year follow-up: a case series and technical note. Int Orthop 42(3):567–573.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00264-018-3806-1 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  88. 88.
    Hadjipavlou A, Enker P, Dupuis P, Katzman S, Silver J (1996) The causes of failure of lumbar transpedicular spinal instrumentation and fusion, a prospective study. Int Orthop 20(1):35–42CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. 89.
    Arts MP, Kols NI, Onderwater SM, Peul WC (2012) Clinical outcome of instrumented fusion for the treatment of failed back surgery syndrome: a case series of 100 patients. Acta Neurochir 154(7):1213–1217CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  90. 90.
    Burton CV, Kirkaldy-Willis WH, Yong-Hing K, Heithoff KB (1981) Causes of failure of surgery on the lumbar spine. Clin Orthop Relat Res 157:191–199Google Scholar
  91. 91.
    Gillard DM, Corenman DS, Dornan GJ (2014) Failed less invasive lumbar spine surgery as a predictor of subsequent fusion outcomes. Int Orthop 38(4):811–815CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  92. 92.
    Pettine KA, Suzuki RK, Sand TT, Murphy MB (2017) Autologous bone marrow concentrate intradiscal injection for the treatment of degenerative disc disease with three-year follow-up. Int Orthop 41(10):2097–2103.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00264-017-3560-9 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  93. 93.
    Korres D, Markatos K, Chytas D, Andreakos A, Mavrogenis A (2017) Injuries of the spine and of the spinal cord in the Hippocratic Corpus of medicine. Int Orthop 41(12):2627–2629.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00264-017-3527-x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  94. 94.
    Pellet N, Aunoble S, Meyrat R, Rigal J, Le Huec JC (2011) Sagittal balance parameters influence indications for lumbar disc arthroplasty or ALIF. Eur Spine J 20(Suppl 5):647–662.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00586-011-1933-0 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  95. 95.
    Tao S, Jin L, Hou Z, Zhang W, Chen T, Zhang Y (2018) A new radiographic feature of lower lumbar disc herniation in young patients. Int Orthop 42(3):583–586.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s00264-017-3723-8 CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© SICOT aisbl 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Arithera Hospital for Special DiseasesZagrebCroatia

Personalised recommendations