Revision knee arthroplasty with rotating hinge systems in patients with gross ligament instability
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The clinical and radiographic outcomes after revision total knee arthroplasty (TKA) for instability with two rotating hinge knee prostheses were compared.
Fifty-one patients revised for TKA instability were prospectively randomized to either the Link Endo-Model (N = 26) or the EnduRo (N = 25). Clinical and radiographic outcome scores were compared pre-operatively and at 12 months’ follow-up. Failure mechanisms were recorded.
Age, BMI, operation, and tourniquet-time did not differ significantly between groups. Radiographic evaluation demonstrated correct implant alignment. The Endo-Model was implanted with a higher slope (p = 0.0001) and the mechanical lower extremity axis was straighter (p = 0.0323). Except for the patient function Knee Society Score and the Physical Health Component Summary Score in the EnduRo group, all clinical scores (range of motion/knee function Knee Society Score/Oxford Knee Score/Visual Analog Scale/Mental Health Component Summary Score) improved significantly for both prosthesis designs during the follow-up period. The Visual Analog Scale and Mental Health Component Summary score were significantly better (p = 0.045 and p = 0.0148) in the Endo-Model group at the 12 months’ follow-up. In the EnduRo group 2 patients (8%) and in the Endo-Model group 1 patient (3.8%) had to be revised for infection.
Both prosthetic designs provide significant improvement in pain and function scores after TKA revision for gross instability. We found slight advantages in favor of the Endo-Model; however, no design yielded superior results throughout the study.
KeywordsTotal knee arthroplasty Link Endo-Model EnduRo Revision Instability Rotating hinge
Compliance with ethical standards
For this study protocol, we received institutional review board approval (approval no. 195/10) from the University. It was conducted according to the principles of the World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki.
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.
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