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Fertility-related considerations in endometriosis

  • Zaraq KhanEmail author
Special Section: The pelvic floor
  • 95 Downloads

Abstract

Endometriosis and infertility often present together but the exact cause–effect mechanism of this association is unknown. Though there are several proposed mechanisms regarding the pathophysiology of endometriosis-related infertility, no one theory is universally accepted. Surgical exploration is gold standard for diagnosis but imaging modalities especially specialized ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging can highlight disease burden and aid in planning for surgical excision. Overall, medical therapy is ineffective for endometriosis-related infertility; however, surgery may be fertility enhancing in women with minimal stage disease and in women with large endometriomas. Assisted reproductive technology may be required with endometriosis-related infertility. Medically induced superovulation with intrauterine insemination is typically the first line; however, women with advanced disease may need a more aggressive form of treatment with in vitro fertilization.

Keywords

Endometriosis Infertility Pregnancy ART IVF Endometrioma Deep infiltrating endometriosis (DIE) 

Notes

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Reproductive Endocrinology & Infertility and Minimally Invasive, Gynecologic Surgery, Department of Obstetrics & GynecologyMayo ClinicRochesterUSA

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