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MRI of the penis

  • Chris M. LindquistEmail author
  • Paul Nikolaidis
  • Pardeep K. Mittal
  • Frank H. Miller
Special Section: Male pelvis
  • 40 Downloads

Abstract

This article reviews the anatomy and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) appearance of the penis. The recommended technique for MRI of the penis is outlined, with discussion of the benefits and drawbacks to imaging the penis after artificial erection. Common penile pathologies are reviewed, with a summary of their clinical features, MRI appearance, and treatment. The ability to demonstrate the erectile bodies and vasculature helps to evaluate vascular pathologies such as priapism, Mondor disease, and cavernosal thrombosis. MRI is also a useful tool to assess for traumatic abnormalities of the penis, with the depiction of soft tissue anatomy and fascial layers allowing for evaluation of penile fracture and penile contusion. Malignant disease of the penis is also reviewed, including squamous cell carcinoma, urethral carcinoma, metastases, and rare neoplasms. Staging of these neoplasms is addressed, with discussion of how MRI can be used to assess the extent of tumor involvement. MRI also clearly demonstrates the tunica albuginea, which allows for evaluation of Peyronie’s disease.

Keywords

MRI Penis Penile fracture Penile cancer Peyronie’s disease 

Notes

Funding

No funding or grant support was used in the preparing of this manuscript.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of RadiologySt. Boniface General Hospital, University of ManitobaWinnipegCanada
  2. 2.Department of Radiology, Northwestern Memorial HospitalNorthwestern University Feinberg School of MedicineChicagoUSA
  3. 3.Department of Radiology and ImagingMedical College of GeorgiaAugustaUSA

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