Multimodality imaging of pelvic floor anatomy

  • Milana FlusbergEmail author
  • Mariya Kobi
  • Simin Bahrami
  • Phyllis Glanc
  • Suzanne Palmer
  • Victoria Chernyak
  • Devaraju Kanmaniraja
  • Rania Farouk El Sayed
Special Section: The pelvic floor


The pelvic floor is composed of a network of muscles, ligaments, and fasciae, which provide active and passive support for the pelvic organs. Impairment of these pelvic floor elements can result in a variety of functional abnormalities and single or multicompartment organ prolapse. Knowledge of normal pelvic floor anatomy can aid the radiologist in understanding the complex nature of pelvic floor dysfunction and is important for comprehensive image interpretation. This article provides an overview of normal anatomy of the pelvic floor as seen on magnetic resonance imaging, ultrasound, and fluoroscopic studies performed in the evaluation of pelvic floor function.


Pelvic floor Defecography MR defecography Anatomy 



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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Westchester Medical CenterValhallaUSA
  2. 2.Montefiore Medical CenterNew YorkUSA
  3. 3.University of California Los AngelesLos AngelesUSA
  4. 4.Sunnybrook Health Sciences CentreTorontoCanada
  5. 5.University of Southern CaliforniaLos AngelesUSA
  6. 6.Cairo University HospitalsCairoEgypt

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