Abdominal Radiology

, Volume 44, Issue 9, pp 2988–3005 | Cite as

Primary lymphomas of the intraabdominal solid organs and the gastrointestinal tract: spectrum of imaging findings with histopathological confirmation

  • Ali Devrim KaraosmanogluEmail author
  • Aycan Uysal
  • Mehmet Ruhi Onur
  • Peter F. Hahn
  • Arzu Saglam Ayhan
  • Mustafa Nasuh Ozmen
  • Deniz Akata
  • Musturay Karcaaltincaba


Unlike nodal lymphoma, primary lymphomas of the intraabdominal organs are uncommon neoplasms whose diagnosis may be challenging in certain clinical circumstances. Despite this difficulty for imaging diagnosis, there are several imaging features on ultrasonography, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, and positron emission tomography that may suggest the correct diagnosis. The scope of this review is to describe and illustrate the imaging features of primary lymphoma of intraabdominal organs providing clues to the diagnosis, together with their pathological correlations.


Primary lymphoma Abdomen Radiology 



Non-Hodgkin lymphoma




Computed tomography


Magnetic resonance imaging


Positron emission tomography


2-[Fluorine-18] fluoro-2-deoxy-d-glucose


Primary hepatic lymphoma


Hepatocellular cancer


Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma


Primary gallbladder lymphoma


Mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue


Primary splenic lymphoma


Human immunodeficiency virus


Primary pancreatic lymphoma


Autoimmune pancreatitis


Primary adrenal lymphoma


Primary renal lymphoma


Renal cell carcinoma


Primary bladder lymphoma


Primary ovarian lymphoma


Primary cervical lymphoma


Primary uterine lymphoma


Primary testicular lymphoma


Primary lymphoma of the stomach


Primary lymphoma of the small bowel


Primary lymphoma of the colon



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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ali Devrim Karaosmanoglu
    • 1
    Email author
  • Aycan Uysal
    • 2
  • Mehmet Ruhi Onur
    • 1
  • Peter F. Hahn
    • 3
  • Arzu Saglam Ayhan
    • 4
  • Mustafa Nasuh Ozmen
    • 1
  • Deniz Akata
    • 1
  • Musturay Karcaaltincaba
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of RadiologyHacettepe University School of MedicineAnkaraTurkey
  2. 2.Department of RadiologyGulhane Training and Research HospitalAnkaraTurkey
  3. 3.Department of Radiology, Harvard Medical SchoolMassachusetts General HospitalBostonUSA
  4. 4.Department of PathologyHacettepe University School of MedicineAnkaraTurkey

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