The yield and patient factors associated with CT colonography C-RADS results in a non-screening patient population

  • Mahsa Kamali
  • Amy Brake
  • Marcel Pothier
  • Mohamed Abdolell
  • Andreu F. CostaEmail author
Hollow Organ GI



To determine the proportion of diagnostic computed tomography colonography (CTC) Reporting and Data System (C-RADS) categories in a non-screening population, and which patient factors are associated with a positive CTC (C2–4), a non-diagnostic CTC (C0), and potentially relevant extracolonic findings (ECF, E3–4).


Diagnostic CTCs performed at a single academic center from 2017 to 2018 were retrospectively reviewed. For each examination, the indications, age, sex, admission status, and C-RADS categories were recorded. Multivariate logistic regression was performed of patient demographic factors and clinical indications, with adjusted odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals.


1373 CTCs were included. The mean age was 66.4 ± 13 years (range 24–97). There were 782 women and 75 inpatients. The number of CTCs reported as C0–C4 were 194/1373 (14.1%), 970/1373 (70.6%), 77/1373 (5.6%), 86/1373 (6.3%), and 46/1373 (3.4%), respectively, and 134/1373 (9.8%), 960/1373 (69.9%), 173/1373 (12.6%), and 106/1373 (7.7%) CTCs were reported as E1–4, respectively. Factors that demonstrated the strongest associations were as follows: with C2–4, age groups 50–79 (OR 2.8, 95% confidence interval 1.4–6.1), 80–89 (6.2, 2.9–14.5) and ≥ 90 (7.6, 2.0–29.1), and inpatients (3.4, 1.8–6.4); with C0, age groups 50–79 (5.9, 2.2–24.4), 80–89 (9.8, 3.4–41.8), and ≥ 90 (22.5, 5.8–113.0), incomplete colonoscopy (3.2, 2.0–5.1) and melena or gastrointestinal bleeding (4.1, 1.8–9.4); and with E3–4, age groups 50–79 (1.6, 1.0–2.9), 80–89 (2.0, 1.1–3.9), and ≥ 90 (3.2, 1.2–8.8), and inpatients (2.3, 1.3–3.9).


Older age is increasingly associated with a positive test, a non-diagnostic test and potentially relevant ECF. Inpatients are also associated with positive tests and E3–4 findings. Symptoms are not strongly associated with a positive CTC.


C-RADS, computed tomography colonography (CTC) Colorectal cancer Symptoms Age Multivariate regression 


Compliance with ethical standards

Ethical approval

IRB approval was obtained for this work.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Diagnostic RadiologyQueen Elizabeth II Health Sciences Centre and Dalhousie UniversityHalifaxCanada
  2. 2.School of Health Sciences, Faculty of HealthDalhousie UniversityHalifaxCanada

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