Digital versus analogue PET in [68Ga]Ga-PSMA-11 PET/CT for recurrent prostate cancer: a matched-pair comparison
Digital PET/CT scanners represent a significant step forward in molecular imaging. We report here the clinical impact of digital PET in PSMA-PET/CT.
In this retrospective study, 88 consecutive patients who underwent [68Ga]Ga-PSMA-11 PET/CT on a digital PET/CT (dPET/CT) scanner for recurrent prostate cancer (PC) were included in a first cohort. In a second step, 88 individuals who underwent an analogue [68Ga]Ga-PSMA-11 PET/CT (aPET/CT) were selected after they were matched to the first cohort for clinical parameters. Following consensus read by two nuclear medicine physicians, the number and type of PC lesions as well as benign, PSMA-positive lesions were recorded. The results were complemented by extensive [68Ga]Ga phantom measurements to determine imaging characteristics of both scanners.
dPET/CT revealed a greater number of PC lesions compared to aPET/CT (326 versus 142) as well as a proportional increase in benign causes of tracer-uptake (144 versus 65). A greater number of scans were noted as pathological for PC on dPET/CT (74/88) compared to aPET/CT (64/88, p < 0.05). The PSMA positivity rate for PC was significantly higher in dPET/CT for the lowest PSA values (PSA < 2.0 ng/ml, p < 0.05).
dPET/CT detected more PC lesions compared to aPET/CT. A significantly higher rate of pathological PET/CTs was noted in the group with the lowest PSA values. A higher number of benign PSMA-positive lesions were also noted in dPET/CT. The differences could be plausibly explained by the measured imaging characteristics of the scanners.
KeywordsProstate cancer PET/CT Positron emission tomography PSMA Prostate-specific membrane antigen Digital PET
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
All patients published in this manuscript signed a written informed consent form for the purpose of anonymised evaluation and publication of their data. This evaluation was approved by the ethics committee of the University of Bern (KEK-Nr. 2018-00299).
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