Comparison of 18F-FDG PET/MRI, MRI, and 18F-FDG PET/CT for the detection of synchronous cancers and distant metastases in patients with oropharyngeal and hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma
In this prospective study, we sought to compare the clinical utility of fluorodeoxyglucose PET/MRI, MRI, and PET/CT in the detection of synchronous cancers and distant metastases in patients with oropharyngeal and hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OHSCC).
We examined 198 consecutive patients with biopsy-proven OHSCC who agreed to receive chemoradiation. All patients underwent pretreatment PET/MRI and PET/CT on the same day. Patients were followed-up for a minimum of 12 months or until death. The McNemar’s test and receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curves were used to compare sensitivity/specificity and the diagnostic capabilities of PET/MRI, MRI, and PET/CT, respectively.
We identified 55 patients (27.7%) who had synchronous cancers and/or distant metastases (number of involved sites: 83). The results of site-based analysis revealed that the sensitivity of PET/MRI was 15.7% higher than that of MRI (73.5% versus 57.8%, p < 0.001) and 3.6% higher compared with PET/CT (73.5% versus 69.9%, p = 0.083), whereas the sensitivity of PET/CT was 12.1% higher than that of MRI (69.9% versus 57.8%, p = 0.012). On a patient-basis, ROC curve analysis demonstrated that PET/MRI yielded a greater area under curve than MRI (0.930 versus 0.905, p = 0.023). There were no significant differences in terms of diagnostic capability between MRI and PET/CT (0.905 versus 0.917, p = 0.469) and between PET/MRI and PET/CT (0.930 versus 0.917, p = 0.062).
In our cohort, PET/MRI showed a significantly higher diagnostic capability than MRI and no significant difference compared with PET/CT for the detection of synchronous cancers or distant metastases in patients with OHSCC.
KeywordsPET/MRI PET/CT MRI Oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma Hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma Distant metastases Synchronous cancer
This study was supported by a grant (MOST 104-2314-B-182A -091 -MY3) from the Taiwan Ministry of Science and Technology.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.
All of the study procedures were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments.
Informed consent was obtained from all participants.
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