Influence of lanreotide on uptake of 68Ga-DOTATATE in patients with neuroendocrine tumours: a prospective intra-patient evaluation
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Somatostatin receptor imaging with PET is the standard of care for patients with a neuroendocrine tumour (NET). Since therapy and imaging with somatostatin analogues utilize the same receptor, current guidelines recommend withdrawing long-acting somatostatin analogues for 3-4 weeks prior to somatostatin receptor PET imaging. The aim of this study is to prospectively assess the effect of lanreotide use on the uptake of 68Ga-DOTATATE intra-individually 1 day prior to and 1 day post injection of lanreotide.
Thirty-four patients with metastatic and/or unresectable NET and currently on lanreotide therapy for at least 4 months were included in the study. A 68Ga-DOTATATE PET/CT scan was performed on the day before and the day after lanreotide injection. In each patient 68Ga-DOTATATE uptake (SUVmax, mean, peak) was assessed in both tumour lesions and normal tissue. All scans were assessed by two blinded nuclear medicine physicians for visual analysis. Paired T-tests were performed to determine the differences between the scans.
Of the 34 patients included, 31 were available for analyses in which 190 tumour lesions were measured. Uptake of 68Ga-DOTATATE in tumour lesions was increased significantly after lanreotide, but decreased significantly in the liver, spleen, and thyroid gland resulting in a higher tumour-to-liver ratio.
Lanreotide injection prior to 68Ga-DOTATATE PET/CT does not result in decreased tumour uptake. In contrast, tumour uptake was increased, whereas the uptake in normal organs is decreased, leading to an increased tumour-to-liver ratio. However, these differences were small and not deemed clinically relevant. These results strongly suggest that discontinuation of lanreotide injections in the weeks prior to 68Ga-DOTATATE PET examinations is unnecessary and does not compromise nuclear medicine imaging results.
KeywordsNeuroendocrine Tumours 68Ga-DOTATATE PET/CT Lanreotide
Compliance with ethical standards
This research was supported by an unrestricted grant from Ipsen. Ipsen was not involved in the conduct of the study or the drafting of the manuscript, but did complete a courtesy review of the final version before submission.
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study. This article does not contain any studies with animals performed by any of the authors.
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