Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

, Volume 103, Issue 18, pp 7399–7423 | Cite as

Lipases: sources, immobilization methods, and industrial applications

  • Danielle Gonçalves Filho
  • Amanda Gonçalves Silva
  • Carla Zanella GuidiniEmail author


Enzymes are natural catalysts highly specific to the substrate type and operate under mild conditions of temperature, pressure, and pH with high conversion rates, which makes them more efficient than conventional chemical catalysts. The enzymes can be obtained from various sources, animal, vegetable, and microbiological. Lipases are very versatile enzymes, and this has aroused the interest of the industries. However, the great problem of the use of soluble lipases is the high cost of acquisition, low operational stability, and difficulties of recovery, and reuse. Enzymatic immobilization has been suggested as an alternative to reduce the limitations of soluble enzymes, increasing their stability and facilitating recovery, and reuse, significantly reducing the cost of processes involving the use of enzymes. This review presents a discussion on the different immobilization methods for lipase, as well as the challenges of use lipases immobilized on the industrial scale.


Adsorption Cross-linking Confinement Covalent bond Sources of lipase Industrial applications of immobilized lipases 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Danielle Gonçalves Filho
    • 1
  • Amanda Gonçalves Silva
    • 1
  • Carla Zanella Guidini
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Campus de Patos de Minas, Faculdade de Engenharia QuímicaUniversidade Federal de UberlândiaPatos de MinasBrazil

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