Bacillomycin D inhibits growth of Rhizopus stolonifer and induces defense-related mechanism in cherry tomato

  • Fuxing Lin
  • Yingying Xue
  • Zhenghua Huang
  • Mengxi Jiang
  • Fengxia Lu
  • Xiaomei Bie
  • Song Miao
  • Zhaoxin LuEmail author
Applied microbial and cell physiology


The inhibitory effect of Bacillomycin D, a cyclic lipopeptide, on Rhizopus stolonifer colonization of cherry tomato was studied, and its possible mechanism of action was explored. Bacillomycin D showed a direct inhibitory effect on R. stolonifer spore germination and mycelial growth in vitro. It conferred both a direct inhibitory effect on R. stolonifer growth in cherry tomato in vivo and induced host resistance in cherry tomato. Moreover, Bacillomycin D treatment significantly increased the activities of plant defense-related enzymes, including chitinase (CHI), β-1,3-glucanase (GLU), phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL), and peroxidase (POD). Real-time PCR (RT-PCR) showed that defense-related genes involved in the salicylic acid defense signaling pathway and genes encoding pathogenesis-related proteins were up-regulated in Bacillomycin D treatment. Furthermore, Bacillomycin D-C16 resulted in direct inhibition and a remarkable induced resistance to R. stolonifer which was higher than as induced by Bacillomycin D-C14. Together, the data indicated that Bacillomycin D can control the growth of R. stolonifer through both the direct inhibition of the fungus and the activation of defense-related genes and enzymes in cherry tomato.


Bacillomycin D Rhizopus stolonifer Cherry tomato Induced resistance Postharvest 



This study was funded by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 31571887).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

This article does not contain any studies with animals performed by any of the authors.

Supplementary material

253_2019_9991_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (74 kb)
ESM 1 (PDF 74 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Food Science and TechnologyNanjing Agricultural UniversityNanjingChina
  2. 2.Teagasc Food Research CentreFermoyIreland

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