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Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

, Volume 103, Issue 13, pp 5421–5433 | Cite as

Contrasting patterns and drivers of soil fungal communities in subtropical deciduous and evergreen broadleaved forests

  • Liang Chen
  • Wenhua XiangEmail author
  • Huili Wu
  • Shuai Ouyang
  • Pifeng Lei
  • Yajun Hu
  • Tida Ge
  • Jun Ye
  • Yakov Kuzyakov
Environmental biotechnology

Abstract

Subtropical broadleaved forests play a crucial role in supporting terrestrial ecosystem functions, but little is known about their belowground soil fungal communities despite that they have central functions in C, N, and P cycles. This study investigated the structures and identified the drivers of soil fungal communities in subtropical deciduous and evergreen broadleaved forests, using high-throughput sequencing and FUNGuild for fungal identification and assignment to the trophic guild. Fungal richness was much higher in the deciduous than in the evergreen forest. Both forests were dominated by Ascomycota and Basidiomycota phyla, but saprophytic fungi were more abundant in the deciduous forest and ectomycorrhizal fungi predominated in the evergreen forest. Fungal communities had strong links to plant and soil properties. Specifically, plant diversity and litter biomass were the main aboveground drivers of fungal diversity and composition in the deciduous forest, while host effects were prominent in the evergreen forest. The belowground factors, i.e., soil pH, water content, and nutrients especially available P, were identified as the primary drivers of soil fungal communities in the broadleaved forests. Co-occurrence network analysis revealed assembly of fungal composition in broadleaved forest soils was non-random. The smaller modularity of the network in the deciduous forest reflects lower resistance to environment changes. Concluding, these results showed that plant community attributes, soil properties, and potential interactions among fungal functional guilds operate jointly on the divergence of soil fungal community assembly in the two broadleaved forest types.

Keywords

Assembly Broadleaved forests Co-occurrence network FUNGuild High-throughput sequencing 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We would like to thank Prof. Simon Queenborough at the Yale University for his assistance with the English language and grammar editing of the manuscript. We are also grateful to all the staff of the administration office of Dashanchong Forest Park for their labor support.

Authors’ contributions

LC and WhX designed the study. HlW, SO, and LC carried out the soil sampling. LC and HlW performed the experiment and sequencing and analyzed data. LC wrote the paper, and all authors improved the manuscript.

Funding

This study was funded by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (31870431, 31570447, 41671253, and 41601272), Hunan Provincial Natural Science Foundation of China (2017JJ3372), and the Huitong Forest Ecological Station funded by the State Forestry Administration of the People’s Republic of China.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.

Supplementary material

253_2019_9867_MOESM1_ESM.xlsx (48 kb)
ESM 1 (XLSX 47 kb)
253_2019_9867_MOESM2_ESM.pdf (437 kb)
ESM 2 (PDF 436 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Life Science and TechnologyCentral South University of Forestry and TechnologyChangshaChina
  2. 2.Huitong National Station for Scientific Observation and Research of Chinese Fir Plantation Ecosystems in Hunan ProvinceHuaihuaChina
  3. 3.Key Laboratory of Agro-ecological Processes in Subtropical Regions, Changsha Research Station for Agricultural & Environmental Monitoring, Institute of Subtropical AgricultureChinese Academy of SciencesChangshaChina
  4. 4.Australian Centre for EcogenomicsThe University of QueenslandSt. LuciaAustralia
  5. 5.Department of Soil Science of Temperate Ecosystems, Department of Agricultural Soil ScienceUniversity of GoettingenGöttingenGermany
  6. 6.Institute of Physicochemical and Biological Problems in Soil ScienceRussian Academy of SciencesPushchinoRussia

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