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Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

, Volume 103, Issue 6, pp 2571–2582 | Cite as

Industrial uses of phospholipases: current state and future applications

  • Sebastián Cerminati
  • Luciana Paoletti
  • Andrés Aguirre
  • Salvador Peirú
  • Hugo G. Menzella
  • María Eugenia CastelliEmail author
Mini-Review

Abstract

Phospholipids play a central role in all living organisms. Phospholipases, the enzymes aimed at modifying phospholipids, are consequently widespread in nature and play diverse roles, from lipid metabolism and cellular signaling in eukaryotes to virulence and nutrient acquisition in microbes. Phospholipases catalyze the hydrolysis of one or more ester or phosphodiester bonds of glycerophospholipids. The use of phospholipases with industrial purposes has constantly increased over the last 30 years. This demand is rapidly growing given the ongoing improvements in protein engineering and the reduction of enzymes manufacturing costs, making them suitable for industrial use. Here, a general overview of phopholipases A, B, C, and D and their industrial application is presented along with potential new uses for these enzymes. We draw attention to commercial phospholipases used to improve the emulsifying properties of products in the baking, egg, and dairy industries. On the other hand, the improvement of oil degumming by phospholipases is thoroughly analyzed. Moreover, recent developments in enzymatic biodiesel production and the use of phospholipases for the synthesis of phospholipids with pharmaceutical or nutritional value are reviewed.

Keywords

Phospholipases Industrial enzymes Degumming Phospholipids 

Notes

Funding information

This work was supported by grants from the Agencia Nacional de Promoción Científica y Tecnológica (PICT2015-0303 and 2015-2937) and from ASACTEI Santa Fe (IO2017-00053 and IO2017-00308), Argentina.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

No ethical approval is required as no animals or humans have been used in the study.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Instituto de Procesos Biotecnológicos y Químicos (IPROBYQ), CONICET; y Departamento de Tecnología, Facultad de Ciencias Bioquímicas y FarmacéuticasUniversidad Nacional de Rosario (UNR)RosarioArgentina

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