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Agronomic and environmental factors affecting cultivation of the winter mushroom or Enokitake: achievements and prospects

  • Samaneh Attaran Dowom
  • Sharareh RezaeianEmail author
  • Hamid R. PourianfarEmail author
Mini-Review

Abstract

The global interest in production of the winter mushroom or Enokitake (Flammulina filiformis previously known as Flammulina velutipes) is increasing owing to its nutritional and medicinally important bioactive compounds along with a marketable texture and flavor. This review presents the state of knowledge on achievements in solid-state cultivation and submerged cultures of Enokitake and how they are influenced by environmental factors and agronomic characteristics. A wide range of basic lignocellulosic substrates and supplementations have been reviewed in order to formulate an efficient and locally available substrate. Domestication of wild types of Enokitake and its economic and research implications are also discussed. Besides, the influence of environmental and agronomic factors on production and efficacy of the most important biologically active metabolites of Enokitake in both solid-state cultivation and submerged cultures has been discussed. Some of shortcomings of studies reporting cultivation of Enokitake are described and their contribution to future prospects is also discussed in this review.

Keywords

Cultivation of Enokitake Flammulina filiformis Flammulina velutipes Environmental factors Agronomic characteristics Formulation of substrates Biologically active compounds 

Notes

Funding

This study was funded by ACECR, Iran (code no. 6003).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethics approval

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.

Consent for publication

Not applicable.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Biology, Faculty of SciencesFerdowsi University of MashhadMashhadIran
  2. 2.Industrial Fungi Biotechnology Research Department, Research Institute for Industrial BiotechnologyAcademic Center for Education, Culture and Research (ACECR) - Khorasan Razavi BranchMashhadIran

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