Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

, Volume 103, Issue 5, pp 2311–2327 | Cite as

Habitat-specificity and diversity of culturable cold-adapted yeasts of a cold-based glacier in the Tianshan Mountains, northwestern China

  • Baolong Luo
  • Hailong Sun
  • Yan Zhang
  • Yanling Gu
  • Wenli Yan
  • Ruirui Zhang
  • Yongqing NiEmail author
Applied microbial and cell physiology


Asian cold-based glacier yeasts with respect to their abundance, distribution, and taxonomy, in contrast to other continental cryosphere areas, have been little investigated. The present study reports the diversity and phylogeny of culturable cold-adapted yeasts in six cold habitats of the Glacier No.1 in the Tianshan Mountains (northwestern China). Of the total 591 yeast isolates, 401 were identified as basidiomycetous yeasts represented by 41 species of 15 genera, while 190 ascomycetous yeast isolates were assigned to the 8 species of 7 genera. The most prevalent species was Candida akabanensis with a 19.8% frequency of occurrence, followed by Vishniacozyma victoriae (16.4%) and Diutina rugosa (9.98%), of which V. victoriae was the only yeast species common to all six glacial habitats. Variability on the component and abundance of yeast taxa among glacial habitats primarily displayed in four dominant yeast genera, namely Candida, Vishniacozyma, Filobasidium, and Naganishia. However, network analysis illustrated that most of 32 rare yeast populations were habitat-specific, implying that the low-abundance yeast population was more easily influenced by the local habitat conditions (species sorting). Based on indicator species analyses, the subglacial habitat was characterized by psychrotolerant and/or psychrophilic yeast taxa.


Habitat-specificity Diversity Cold-adapted yeasts Cold-based glacier China 


Author’s contributions

Baolong Luo, Hailong Sun, and Yan Zhang contributed equally to this article.

Funding information

This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 41271268, 40961002, 41140009).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.

Supplementary material

253_2018_9512_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (410 kb)
ESM 1 (PDF 410 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Food Science and TechnologyShihezi UniversityShiheziPeople’s Republic of China

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