Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

, Volume 102, Issue 21, pp 9015–9036 | Cite as

Microbial conversion of xylose into useful bioproducts

  • Sujit Sadashiv Jagtap
  • Christopher V. RaoEmail author


Microorganisms can produce a number of different bioproducts from the sugars in plant biomass. One challenge is devising processes that utilize all of the sugars in lignocellulosic hydrolysates. D-xylose is the second most abundant sugar in these hydrolysates. The microbial conversion of D-xylose to ethanol has been studied extensively; only recently, however, has conversion to bioproducts other than ethanol been explored. Moreover, in the case of yeast, D-xylose may provide a better feedstock for the production of bioproducts other than ethanol, because the relevant pathways are not subject to glucose-dependent repression. In this review, we discuss how different microorganisms are being used to produce novel bioproducts from D-xylose. We also discuss how D-xylose could be potentially used instead of glucose for the production of value-added bioproducts.


Hemicellulose Xylose Fermentation Metabolic engineering Bioproducts 



This material is based upon the work supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Biological and Environmental Research under Award Number(s) DE-SC0018420.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.


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© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, DOE Center for Advanced Bioenergy and Bioproducts InnovationUniversity of Illinois at Urbana-ChampaignUrbanaUSA

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