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Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

, Volume 102, Issue 17, pp 7623–7634 | Cite as

Distinct impacts of reductive soil disinfestation and chemical soil disinfestation on soil fungal communities and memberships

  • Jun Zhao
  • Xing Zhou
  • Anqi Jiang
  • Juanzi Fan
  • Tao Lan
  • Jinbo Zhang
  • Zucong Cai
Environmental biotechnology

Abstract

Soil disinfestation is an important agricultural practice to conquer soil-borne diseases and thereby ensure crop productivity. Reductive soil disinfestation (RSD) had been developed as an environmentally friendly alternative to chemical soil disinfestation (CSD). However, the differences between CSD and RSD on soil-borne pathogen suppression and fungal community structure remain poorly understood. In this work, five treatments, i.e., untreated soil (CK), CSD with 0.5 t ha−1 dazomet (DZ), RSD with 10 t ha−1 ethanol (ET), 15 t ha−1 sugarcane bagasse (SB), and 15 t ha−1 bean dregs (BD), were performed to investigate their influences on disinfestation efficiency, fungal abundance, diversity, and community structure via quantitative PCR and high-throughput sequencing. RSD-related treatments, especially the BD treatment, effectively alleviated soil acidification and salinization. The fungal abundance and microbial activity considerably increased in the BD treatment and significantly declined in the DZ treatment as compared to the CK treatment. Moreover, both CSD and RSD-related treatments significantly inhibited the population of Fusarium oxysporum and the relative abundance of genus Fusarium. Fungal community structure was notably altered by CSD and RSD practices. Furthermore, both CSD and RSD harbored a distinct unique microbiome, with the DZ treatment dominated by the genus Mortierella and BD treatment predominated by the genera Zopfiella, Chaetomium, and Penicillium. Taken together, these results indicate that the BD treatment could considerably alleviate the soil deterioration, improve soil microbial activity, and reassemble a non-pathogen unique microbiome that have more disease-suppressive agents and thus might be a promising disinfestation practice to control soil-borne disease in monoculture system.

Keywords

Soil disinfestation Disinfestation efficiency Fusarium oxysporum Fungal community Eustoma grandiflorum 

Notes

Funding information

This study was financially supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 41701277, 41771281), the National Key Research and Development Program of China (2017YFD0200600), the Startup Funds of Nanjing Normal University (Grant No. 184080H202B136), the Priority Academic Program Development (PAPD) of Jiangsu Higher Education Institutions, and the Key Subjects of Jiangsu Province (Ecology).

Compliance with ethical standards

Ethical approval

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Supplementary material

253_2018_9107_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (136 kb)
ESM 1 (PDF 135 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Geography ScienceNanjing Normal UniversityNanjingChina
  2. 2.China National Institute of StandardizationBeijingChina
  3. 3.Jiangsu Center for Collaborative Innovation in Geographical Information Resource Development and ApplicationNanjingChina
  4. 4.Key Laboratory of Virtual Geographical Environment (Nanjing Normal University)Ministry of EducationNanjingChina
  5. 5.Jiangsu Provincial Key Laboratory of Materials Cycling and Pollution ControlNanjing Normal UniversityNanjingChina
  6. 6.State Key Laboratory Cultivation Base of Geographical Environment Evolution (Jiangsu Province)NanjingChina

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