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Bioremediation of the organochlorine pesticides, dieldrin and endrin, and their occurrence in the environment

Abstract

Dieldrin and endrin are persistent organic pollutants that cause serious environmental problems. Although these compounds have been prohibited over the past decades in most countries around the world, they are still routinely found in the environment, especially in the soil in agricultural fields. Bioremediation, including phytoremediation and rhizoremediation, is expected to be a useful cleanup method for this soil contamination. This review provides an overview of the environmental contamination by dieldrin and endrin, along with a summary of our current understanding and recent advances in bioremediation and phytoremediation of these pollutants. In particular, this review focuses on the types and abilities of plants and microorganisms available for accumulating and degrading dieldrin and endrin.

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Correspondence to Emiko Matsumoto.

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Matsumoto, E., Kawanaka, Y., Yun, S. et al. Bioremediation of the organochlorine pesticides, dieldrin and endrin, and their occurrence in the environment. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 84, 205–216 (2009). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00253-009-2094-5

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Keywords

  • Bioremediation
  • Phytoremediation
  • Dieldrin
  • Endrin
  • Persistent organic pollutants