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Substrate specificity of a glucose-6-phosphate isomerase from Pyrococcus furiosus for monosaccharides

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Abstract

We purified recombinant glucose-6-phosphate isomerase from Pyrococcus furiosus using heat treatment and Hi-Trap anion-exchange chromatography with a final specific activity of 0.39 U mg−1. The activity of the glucose-6-phosphate isomerase for l-talose isomerization was optimal at pH 7.0, 95°C, and 1.5 mM Co2+. The half-lives of the enzyme at 65°C, 75°C, 85°C, and 95°C were 170, 41, 19, and 7.9 h, respectively. Glucose-6-phosphate isomerase catalyzed the interconversion between two different aldoses and ketose for all pentoses and hexoses via two isomerization reactions. This enzyme has a unique activity order as follows: aldose substrates with hydroxyl groups oriented in the same direction at C2, C3, and C4 > C2 and C4 > C2 and C3 > C3 and C4. l-Talose and d-ribulose exhibited the most preferred substrates among the aldoses and ketoses, respectively. l-Talose was converted to l-tagatose and l-galactose by glucose-6-phosphate isomerase with 80% and 5% conversion yields after about 420 min, respectively, whereas d-ribulose was converted to d-ribose and d-arabinose with 53% and 8% conversion yields after about 240 min, respectively.

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Acknowledgment

This study was supported by the Korea Science and Engineering Foundation (KOSEF) through the National Research Lab. Program funded by the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology (R0A-2007-000-20015-0).

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Correspondence to Deok-Kun Oh.

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Yoon, R., Yeom, S., Park, C. et al. Substrate specificity of a glucose-6-phosphate isomerase from Pyrococcus furiosus for monosaccharides. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 83, 295–303 (2009). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00253-009-1859-1

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Keywords

  • Glucose-6-phosphate isomerase
  • Isomerization
  • Pyrococcus furiosus
  • Rare sugars
  • Substrate specificity
  • l-Talose