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Edible oil degradation by using yeast coculture of Rhodotorula pacifica ST3411 and Cryptococcus laurentii ST3412

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Abstract

To develop a microbial treatment of edible oil-contaminated wastewater, microorganisms capable of rapidly degrading edible oil were screened. The screening study yielded a yeast coculture comprising Rhodotorula pacifica strain ST3411 and Cryptococcus laurentii strain ST3412. The coculture was able to degrade efficiently even at low contents of nitrogen ([NH4–N] = 240 mg/L) and phosphorus sources ([PO4–P] = 90 mg/L). The 24-h degradation rate of 3,000 ppm mixed oils (salad oil/lard/beef tallow, 1:1 w/w) at 20°C was 39.8% ± 9.9% (means ± standard deviations of eight replicates). The highest degradation rate was observed at 20°C and pH 8. In a scaled-up experiment, the salad oil was rapidly degraded by the coculture from 671 ± 52.0 to 143 ± 96.7 ppm in 24 h, and the degradation rate was 79.4% ± 13.8% (means ± standard deviations of three replicates). In addition, a repetitive degradation was observed with the cell growth by only pH adjustment without addition of the cells.

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Acknowledgment

A part of this research was supported by the “Research for Promoting Technological Seeds” from Innovation Plaza Miyagi, Japan Science and Technology Agency.

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Correspondence to Daisuke Sugimori.

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Sugimori, D. Edible oil degradation by using yeast coculture of Rhodotorula pacifica ST3411 and Cryptococcus laurentii ST3412. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 82, 351–357 (2009). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00253-008-1834-2

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Keywords

  • Oil degradation
  • Coculture
  • Rhodotorula
  • Cryptococcus
  • Wastewater treatment