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Molecular cloning and heterologous expression of a laccase gene from Pleurotus eryngii in free and immobilized Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells


A full length cDNA encoding an extracellular laccase was isolated by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction from the mycelia of the mushroom Pleurotus eryngii. The isolated sequence, denoted Ery3, encodes for a mature laccase isoenzyme of 531 amino acid residues with a predicted molecular weight of 56.6 kDa. All sequence motifs, being the signature sequences used to identify the laccases, were found in the Ery3 protein sequence. The Ery3 cDNA was expressed in Saccharomyces cerevisiae and the effects of copper concentration and cultivation temperature were investigated. S. cerevisiae cells were immobilized in calcium alginate gel and the optimal immobilization parameters for the enhanced production of laccase were determined. The immobilization was most effective with 3% sodium alginate, 0.1 M calcium chloride and an initial biomass of 4.5 × 108 cells. The enzyme yield obtained with immobilized cells (139 mU ml−1) showed a 1.6-fold increase compared to the highest yield obtained with free cells. The alginate beads showed good stability and retained 84% capacity of enzyme production after seven repeated cycles of batch fermentation. The immobilization system proved to increase the proteolytic stability of the recombinant Ery3 protein. To our knowledge, this is the first report on S. cerevisiae whole-cell immobilization for recombinant laccase production.

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The P. eryngii strain was kindly provided by Dr. U. Tomati (IBAF-CNR, Rome, Italy). We are grateful to Dr. E. Record (IFR-IBAIM, Marseille, France) for gently supplying the antiserum against laccase and to Mr. G. Colella for the valuable technical assistance. We would also like to thank Prof. H. Caffery for proofreading and providing valuable linguistic advice.

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Correspondence to Francesco Grieco.

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Bleve, G., Lezzi, C., Mita, G. et al. Molecular cloning and heterologous expression of a laccase gene from Pleurotus eryngii in free and immobilized Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 79, 731 (2008). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00253-008-1479-1

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  • Pleurotus eryngii
  • Laccase
  • Recombinant protein in yeast
  • Ca-alginate immobilization