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Plasmid-mediated degradation of 4-chloronitrobenzene by newly isolated Pseudomonas putida strain ZWL73

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A strain of Pseudomonasputida ZWL73 was isolated from soil contaminated with chloronitrobenzenes and identified by 16S rDNA sequencing. This bacterium released chloride and ammonia into the medium when grown on 4-chloronitrobenzene (4CNB) as the sole source of carbon, nitrogen and energy. A plasmid designated pZWL73 of approximately 100 kb in this strain was found to be responsible for 4CNB degradation. This was based on the fact that the plasmid-cured strains showed 4CNB phenotype and the 4CNB+ phenotype could be conjugally transferred. The cell-free extracts of strain ZWL73 exhibited chloronitrobenzene nitroreductase and 2-amino-5-chlorophenol 1, 6-dioxygenase (2A5CPDO) activities, but neither activity was found from that of the plasmid-cured strain. We have also cloned a 4.9-kb EcoRI fragment exhibiting 2A5CPDO activity. Sequencing results revealed β-subunit (cnbCa) and α subunit (cnbCb) of a meta-cleavage dioxygenase, which were subsequently expressed in E. coli with 2A5CPDO activity. The phylogenetic analysis suggested that 2A5CPDO may form a new subgroup in class III meta-cleavage dioxygenase with its close homologs.

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This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC30230010). The authors would like to thank Peter Williams for Pseudomonas putida PaW340 and PaW1.

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Correspondence to Ning-Yi Zhou.

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# D.Z. and H.L. equally contributed to this work.

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Zhen, D., Liu, H., Wang, S. et al. Plasmid-mediated degradation of 4-chloronitrobenzene by newly isolated Pseudomonas putida strain ZWL73. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 72, 797–803 (2006). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00253-006-0345-2

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  • Nitrobenzene
  • Pseudomonas Putida
  • Catabolic Gene
  • Protocatechuate
  • Cosmid Library