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A new method for isolation of S-adenosylmethionine (SAM)-accumulating yeast

Abstract

S-Adenosylmethionine (SAM) is an important metabolite that participates in many reactions as a methyl group donor in all organisms, and has attracted much interest in clinical research because of its potential to improve many diseases, such as depression, liver disease, and osteoarthritis. Because of these potential applications, a more efficient means is needed to produce SAM. Accordingly, we developed a positive selection method to isolate SAM-accumulating yeast in this study. In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, one of the main reactions consuming SAM is thought to be the methylation reaction in the biosynthesis of ergosterol that is catalyzed by Erg6p. Mutants with deficiencies in ergosterol biosynthesis may accumulate SAM as a result of the reduction of SAM consumption in ergosterol biosynthesis. We have applied this method to isolate SAM-accumulating yeasts with nystatin, which has been used to select mutants with deficiencies in ergosterol biosynthesis. SAM-accumulating mutants from S. cerevisiae K-9 and X2180-1A were efficiently isolated through this method. These mutants accumulated 1.7–5.5 times more SAM than their parental strains. NMR and GC-MS analyses suggested that two mutants from K-9 have a mutation in the erg4 gene, and erg4 disruptants from laboratory strains also accumulated more SAM than their parental strains. These results indicate that mutants having mutations in the genes for enzymes that act downstream of Erg6p in ergosterol biosynthesis are effective in accumulating SAM.

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Correspondence to Haruyuki Iefuji.

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Shobayashi, M., Mukai, N., Iwashita, K. et al. A new method for isolation of S-adenosylmethionine (SAM)-accumulating yeast. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 69, 704–710 (2006). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00253-005-0009-7

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Keywords

  • Nuclear Magnetic Resonance
  • Parental Strain
  • Ergosterol
  • Ergosterol Content
  • Ergosterol Biosynthesis