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Microbial Ecology

, Volume 79, Issue 1, pp 134–147 | Cite as

Biocontrol of Root Diseases and Growth Promotion of the Tuberous Plant Aconitum carmichaelii Induced by Actinomycetes Are Related to Shifts in the Rhizosphere Microbiota

  • Yulong Li
  • Qiao Guo
  • Fei He
  • Yunzhou Li
  • Quanhong XueEmail author
  • Hangxian LaiEmail author
Soil Microbiology

Abstract

Soil Actinomycetes have been used as biocontrol agents against soil-borne plant diseases, yet little is known about their effects on the structure of the rhizosphere microbiota and the long-term effects on crop yield and disease intensity after the application of Actinomycetes is stopped. Here, we conducted 3-year plot experiments to investigate the roles of two Actinomycetes strains (Streptomyces pactum Act12 and Streptomyces rochei D74) in the biocontrol of soil-borne root diseases and growth promotion of monkhood (Aconitum carmichaelii). We also examined their long-term effects after soil application of a mixed Actinomycetes preparation (spore powder) was completed. High-throughput sequencing was used to analyze shifts in the rhizosphere microbiota. The antifungal activity and root colonization ability of the two Actinomycetes were also tested. Disease severity of southern blight and root rot decreased following application of the Actinomycetes preparation, whereas biomass yield of tubers increased compared with the control group. Significant effects of disease control and plant growth promotion were also observed after application was stopped. The Actinomycetes preparation induced marked increases in the abundance of beneficial microbes and decreases in the abundance of harmful microbes in rhizosphere soil. Adding cell-free culture filtrates of both strains Act12 and D74 inhibited the growth of fungal pathogens capable of causing southern blight (Sclerotium rolfsii) and root rot (Fusarium oxysporum) in A. carmichaelii. A GFP-labeled strain was used to show that D74 can colonize roots of A. carmichaelii. In conclusion, a preparation of two Actinomycetes plays a role in the biocontrol of root diseases and growth promotion of A. carmichaelii by inhibiting pathogen growth and shaping the rhizosphere microbiota.

Keywords

Aconitum carmichaelii Actinomycetes biocontrol agent Sclerotium rolfsii Fusarium oxysporum Green fluorescent protein Rhizosphere microbiota 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by the Youth Fund of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (31600407), the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities of China (Z109021616), and the National Key Technology R&D Program of China (2012BAD14B11). We thank Dr. Chaofeng Lin (TEC, Qingdao, China) for improving the English.

Supplementary material

248_2019_1388_MOESM1_ESM.docx (615 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 615 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Natural Resources and EnvironmentNorthwest A&F UniversityYanglingChina
  2. 2.School of Modern Agriculture and BiotechnologyAnkang UniversityAnkangChina
  3. 3.College of AgricultureGuizhou UniversityGuiyangChina

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