Osteochondrosis is an abnormality of the epiphyses or epiphyseal equivalents (round bones and apophyses) during later stages of endochondral ossification. This process of abnormal endochondral ossification can occur at various locations throughout the body. The pathogenesis of osteochondrosis is under active investigation. In humans, the process of abnormal endochondral ossification has been attributed to a combination of vascular insult and trauma. Although the proposed etiology of osteochondrosis varies based on body part affected, the overall process is defined by necrosis, revascularization and repair. As such, common radiologic findings include those of osseous destruction and associated inflammation. The purpose of this review is to discuss the current understanding of osteochondroses as a disease entity and explore imaging features of osteochondroses throughout the body.
Avascular necrosis Children Endochondral ossification Epiphyses Imaging Magnetic resonance imaging Osteochondrosis Radiography
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Wiegerinck JI, Zwiers R, Sierevelt IN et al (2016) Treatment of calcaneal apophysitis: wait and see versus orthotic device versus physical therapy: a pragmatic therapeutic randomized clinical trial. J Pediatr Orthop 36:152–157CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Chan JY, Young JL (2019) Köhler disease: avascular necrosis in the child. Foot Ankle Clin 24:83–88CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Wax A, Leland R (2019) Freiberg disease and avascular necrosis of the metatarsal heads. Foot Ankle Clin 24:69–82CrossRefGoogle Scholar