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Pediatric Radiology

, Volume 49, Issue 12, pp 1610–1616 | Cite as

Imaging of osteochondrosis

  • Elizabeth Yuan WestEmail author
  • Diego Jaramillo
Musculoskeletal imaging
  • 60 Downloads

Abstract

Osteochondrosis is an abnormality of the epiphyses or epiphyseal equivalents (round bones and apophyses) during later stages of endochondral ossification. This process of abnormal endochondral ossification can occur at various locations throughout the body. The pathogenesis of osteochondrosis is under active investigation. In humans, the process of abnormal endochondral ossification has been attributed to a combination of vascular insult and trauma. Although the proposed etiology of osteochondrosis varies based on body part affected, the overall process is defined by necrosis, revascularization and repair. As such, common radiologic findings include those of osseous destruction and associated inflammation. The purpose of this review is to discuss the current understanding of osteochondroses as a disease entity and explore imaging features of osteochondroses throughout the body.

Keywords

Avascular necrosis Children Endochondral ossification Epiphyses Imaging Magnetic resonance imaging Osteochondrosis Radiography 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflicts of interest

None

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.New York Presbyterian HospitalColumbia University Irving Medical CenterNew YorkUSA

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