Pediatric Radiology

, Volume 49, Issue 12, pp 1587–1594 | Cite as

Cerebral palsy — beyond hip deformities

  • Jeffrey P. Otjen
  • Ted C. Sousa
  • Jennifer M. Bauer
  • Mahesh ThapaEmail author
Musculoskeletal imaging


Cerebral palsy is a neurologic condition with myriad musculoskeletal and articular manifestations. While every patient is unique with innumerable variations in presentation, symptoms and treatments, there are broad themes and recognizable patterns of development. Many of these findings spill over to other neurodevelopmental disorders, and lessons learned from children with cerebral palsy translate well to multiple neurologic conditions. This review focuses on the more common manifestations involving the spine, knee, foot and ankle, with an emphasis on collecting and describing imaging features, along with clinical and radiologic pearls and pitfalls.


Cerebral palsy Children Feet Lower extremity Musculoskeletal Radiography Spine 



We would like to thank the musculoskeletal radiologists and orthopedic surgery department at Seattle Children’s Hospital.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflicts of interest



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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Radiology, Seattle Children’s HospitalUniversity of WashingtonSeattleUSA
  2. 2.Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Seattle Children’s HospitalUniversity of WashingtonSeattleUSA

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