Advertisement

Pediatric Radiology

, Volume 49, Issue 12, pp 1678–1690 | Cite as

Management of pediatric foot deformities: an imaging review

  • Matthew J. WinfeldEmail author
  • Brittany E. Winfeld
Musculoskeletal imaging
  • 105 Downloads

Abstract

Abnormalities of foot alignment can be a cause of significant morbidity in children, and some require complex surgical intervention to improve functionality and decrease pain. Imaging plays a key role in management decisions. We address some of the most common surgical strategies for selected diagnoses including pes planus, congenital vertical talus, pes cavus, and clubfoot, with a focus on imaging findings.

Keywords

Children Clubfoot Foot Magnetic resonance imaging Pes cavus Pes planus Radiography Vertical talus 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflicts of interest

None

References

  1. 1.
    Manicol M (2001) Orthopedic conditions affecting the foot in childhood. In: Thomson P, Volpe R (eds) Introduction to podopediatrics. Elsevier, London, pp 207–230CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bourdet C, Seringe R, Adamsbaum C et al (2013) Flatfoot in children and adolescents: analysis of imaging findings and therapeutic implications. Orthop Traumatol Surg Res 99:80–87CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Harris EJ, Vanore JV, Thomas JL et al (2004) Clinical practice guideline pediatric flatfoot panel of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons: diagnosis and treatment of pediatric flatfoot. J Foot Ankle Surg 43:341–373CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Nevalainen MT, Roedl JB, Zoga AC et al (2016) Imaging findings of arthroereisis in planovalgus feet. Radiol Case Rep 11:398–404CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Soliman SB, Spicer PJ, van Holsbeeck MT (2019) Sonographic and radiographic findings of posterior tibial tendon dysfunction: a practical step forward. Skelet Radiol 48:11–27CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Blitz NM, Stabile RJ, Giorgini RJ et al (2010) Flexible pediatric and adolescent pes planovalgus: conservative and surgical treatment options. Clin Podiatr Med Surg 27:59–77CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Dreher T, Hagmann S, Wenz W (2009) Reconstruction of multiplanar deformity of the hindfoot and midfoot with internal fixation techniques. Foot Ankle Clin 14:489–531CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Meyr AJ, Sansosti LE, Ali S (2017) A pictorial review of reconstructive foot and ankle surgery: evaluation and intervention of the flatfoot deformity. J Radiol Case Rep 11:26–36PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Zhou B, Tang K, Hardy M (2014) Talocalcaneal coalition combined with flatfoot in children: diagnosis and treatment: a review. J Orthop Surg Res 9:129CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Cohen AH, Laughner TE, Pupp GR (1993) Calcaneonavicular bar resection. A retrospective review. J Am Podiatr Med Assoc 83:10–17CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    McKie J, Radomisli T (2010) Congenital vertical talus: a review. Clin Podiatr Med Surg 27:145–156CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Perera A, Guha A (2013) Clinical and radiographic evaluation of the cavus foot: surgical implications. Foot Ankle Clin 18:619–628CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Boffeli TJ, Tabatt JA (2015) Minimally invasive early operative treatment of progressive foot and ankle deformity associated with Charcot-Marie-tooth disease. J Foot Ankle Surg 54:701–708CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Tullis BL, Mendicino RW, Catanzariti AR, Henne TJ (2004) The Cole midfoot osteotomy: a retrospective review of 11 procedures in 8 patients. J Foot Ankle Surg 43:160–165CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Groner TW, DiDomenico LA (2005) Midfoot osteotomies for the cavus foot. Clin Podiatr Med Surg 22:247–264CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    DeVries JG, McAlister JE (2015) Corrective osteotomies used in cavus reconstruction. Clin Podiatr Med Surg 32:375–387CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Ganesan B, Luximon A, Al-Jumaily A et al (2017) Ponseti method in the management of clubfoot under 2 years of age: a systematic review. PLoS One 12:e0178299CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Horn BD, Davidson RS (2010) Current treatment of clubfoot in infancy and childhood. Foot Ankle Clin 15:235–243CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Gupta AK, Kumar R (1993) Treatment of residual club-foot deformity, the bean-shaped foot — by open wedge medial cuneiform osteotomy and closing wedge cuboid osteotomy, clinical review and cadaver correlations. J Pediatr Orthop 13:408–410CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Xu J, Geng X, Muhammad H, Ma X et al (2014) Posterior tibialis tendon transfer via the circumtibial route: a cadaveric limb analysis. J Orthop Surg Res 9:121CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Ford SE, Scannell BP (2017) Pediatric flatfoot: pearls and pitfalls Foot Ankle Clin 22:643–656CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Lancaster Radiology AssociatesLancaster General Hospital, Penn MedicineLancasterUSA
  2. 2.Mount Joy Foot and Ankle AssociatesMount JoyUSA

Personalised recommendations