European Society of Paediatric Radiology abdominal imaging task force: statement on imaging in very early onset inflammatory bowel disease
Very early onset inflammatory bowel disease (VEO-IBD) is defined as disease presenting before the age of 6. These children require a tailored imaging approach because conventional imaging studies can be difficult to perform at such a young age. Unlike inflammatory bowel disease in older children and adults, colonic disease predominates in VEO-IBD, and small-bowel disease is rare. Distinguishing Crohn disease from ulcerative colitis is challenging both clinically and on histology. Radiology offers the greatest utility for detecting small-bowel disease because it helps to distinguish the two main disease entities and guide clinical management. Small-bowel ultrasound is recommended as the first-line investigation because it requires relatively little preparation, is readily available and is generally well tolerated in young children. We present these recommendations, based on the current evidence for radiologic management in this group, and propose an imaging algorithm for investigating VEO-IBD.
KeywordsChildren Computed tomography Infant Inflammatory bowel disease Magnetic resonance imaging Ultrasound
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