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Pediatric Radiology

, Volume 48, Issue 9, pp 1291–1306 | Cite as

Magnetic resonance imaging of pediatric adnexal masses and mimics

  • Christopher Z. Lam
  • Govind B. Chavhan
Pediatric Body MRI

Abstract

Evaluation of adnexal masses in children and adolescents relies on imaging for appropriate diagnosis and management. Pelvic MRI is indicated and adds value for all adnexal masses when surgery is considered or when ultrasound findings are indeterminate. Specifically, features on MR imaging can help distinguish between benign and malignant lesions, which not only influences the decision between surgery and conservative treatment, but also the type of surgery to be performed, including potential use of fertility-sparing approaches with minimally invasive techniques. Larger size, younger age, presentation with precocious puberty or virilization, restricted diffusion in a solid mass, and rapid and strong enhancement of solid components are all features concerning for malignancy. In addition, distinctive MR imaging features of adnexal masses, combined with clinical and laboratory biomarkers, might suggest a specific histological diagnosis.

Keywords

Adnexal mass Adolescents Children Magnetic resonance imaging Malignancy Ovaries 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflicts of interest

None

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© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Diagnostic Imaging, The Hospital for Sick Children, Medical ImagingUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada

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