Pediatric Cardiology

, Volume 40, Issue 4, pp 878–879 | Cite as

Umbilical Vein Catheter Protruding Through a Pulmonary Vein in a Patient with an Infracardiac Type Total Abnormal Pulmonary Venous Drainage

  • Luc BruyndonckxEmail author
  • Lucia J. M. Kroft
  • Vincent Bekker
  • Arno A. W. Roest
  • Roel L. F. van der Palen
Open Access
Images in Pediatric Cardiology

A girl born at a gestational age of 36 weeks presented with cyanosis. Echocardiography led to the diagnosis of right isomerism, a complete atrioventricular septal defect, pulmonary atresia, an aortic valve arising from the right ventricle and a total abnormal pulmonary venous drainage (TAPVD) of the infracardiac type, with a collector vein connecting to a liver vein, draining into the left-sided atrium. After venous umbilical catheter placement, alprostadil was started, whereafter saturation increased to 85–90%. Computed tomography (CT) (Fig. 1), performed to further investigate pulmonary venous return, demonstrated the presence of the umbilical vein catheter (UVC) tip in the left inferior pulmonary vein (LIPV) (a), passing the TAPVD collector (b, PVC = pulmonary vein collector, LA = left atrium, DA = descending aorta), the hepatocaval confluence (HCC) (c) and the umbilical vein (UV) (d, HVV: hepatic veins) shown in a 3D surface rendering representation from posterior, with the aorta removed (e, PA = pulmonary artery, RIPV: Right inferior pulmonary vein, RSPV = right superior pulmonary vein, LIPV = Left inferior pulmonary vein), with the umbilical catheter in yellow. Based on the CT, the umbilical venous catheter was removed. In retrospect, the umbilical vein catheter was positioned rather deep and to the left that may have suspected malposition on the chest X-ray (Fig. 2) that was performed prior to the CT scan.

Fig. 1

CT images demonstrating the presence of the UVC in a pulmonary vein

Fig. 2

Chest X-ray, suggesting the UVC was positioned rather deep and to the left

Awareness of the possibility of an abnormal position of the umbilical venous catheter in the presence of an infracardiac TAPVD is warranted since catheter-related endothelial damage and thrombus formation could lead to stenosis of the pulmonary collector vein prompting urgent intervention.


Author contributions

All authors contributed to the writing of this paper.


No funding was received for the preparation of this manuscript.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Human and Animal Rights

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Open AccessThis article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Paediatric CardiologyLeiden University Medical CenterLeidenThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Translational Research in Immunology and InflammationUniversity of AntwerpAntwerpBelgium
  3. 3.Department of RadiologyLeiden University Medical CenterLeidenThe Netherlands
  4. 4.Department of NeonatologyLeiden University Medical CenterLeidenThe Netherlands

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