Prenatal Diagnosis of Criss-Cross Heart Using 4-Dimensional Color Doppler Rendering
Criss-cross heart is a rare congenital cardiac anomaly characterized by the crossing of two ventricular inflow streams. We have demonstrated the utility of 4-dimensional color Doppler rendering in diagnosing the criss-cross heart in a fetus. Four-dimensional color Doppler rendering can demonstrate the relative direction of intracardiac blood flows and facilitate recognition of the crossover of inflow streams in the same plane, confirming the criss-cross heart diagnosis in the fetus.
KeywordsCriss-cross heart Prenatal diagnosis 4-Dimensional ultrasound Color Doppler Congenital heart disease
We have no grants or financial support linked to this work.
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There are no conflicts of interest to declare.
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
Informed consent was obtained from the patient in this study.