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Pediatric Cardiology

, Volume 40, Issue 3, pp 477–482 | Cite as

The Transjugular Approach: An Alternative Route to Improve Ablation Success in Right Anteriorly and Anterolaterally-Located Supraventricular Tachycardia Substrates in Children

  • Yakup Ergül
  • Senem ÖzgürEmail author
  • Gülhan Tunca Şahin
  • Hasan Candaş Kafalı
  • Sinem Bahar Çelebi
  • Başol Bay
  • Alper Güzeltaş
Original Article
  • 59 Downloads

Abstract

Catheter ablation via the femoral vein has been widely used in children. However, in certain conditions, an alternative vascular access is required for a successful ablation. Herein we reported that, accessory pathways (APs) and ectopic foci which reside right anterior and anterolateral to tricuspid valve orifice can be safely and effectively ablated with transjugular venous approach. Eleven procedures performed via the transjugular venous approach were reviewed retrospectively from the 355 electrophysiological procedures performed between March 2016 and November 2017. EnSite 3D electro-anatomic mapping and limited flouroscopy was used in all patients. The mean age of patients was 14.4 ± 2.9 years (12–18) and 6/11 (54.5%) were males. Seven of the patients had previous ablation procedures via the femoral vein approach and due to failure or recurrence the procedures had to be repeated. In these patients mean procedure time shortened from 196 ± 80 (105–280) to 111 ± 13 (96–125) min with the transjugular approach. 10/11 patients had APs, and one patient had focal atrial tachycardia. One of the APs was a Mahaim pathway. Ablation localisations were right anterior and right anterolateral in 8/11 and 3/11 patients respectively. The average fluoroscopy time was 3.38 ± 6.5 (0–15) min. All of the RF ablations via transjugular approach were successful (100%, 11/11). The mean follow-up period was 10.6 ± 1.1 (9–12) months. So far no recurrence has been observed. Right anterior and anterolateral regions are the most challenging areas in terms of catheter stabilization even when long sheaths are used during femoral route ablation. Ablation attempts in these regions have partial success, frequent recurrence, and high complication rates. This study revealed that transjugular approach seems as an effective alternative for those cases where transfemoral approach is unsuccessful for the ablation targets located in the right anterior and antero-lateral regions.

Keywords

Transjugular approach Accessory pathway Ablation 

Notes

Author Contributions

YE contributed to the concept and design of the study, drafting and critical revision of the article. SÖ contributed to data collection, analysis, interpretation and final approval of the manuscript. GTS, HCK and AG contributed to data collection, concept and design of the study. SBC and BB were main practitioners of aforementioned method.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors have no financial or other conflicts of interest related to this study.

Ethical Approval

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yakup Ergül
    • 1
  • Senem Özgür
    • 1
    Email author
  • Gülhan Tunca Şahin
    • 1
  • Hasan Candaş Kafalı
    • 1
  • Sinem Bahar Çelebi
    • 1
  • Başol Bay
    • 1
  • Alper Güzeltaş
    • 1
  1. 1.Mehmet Akif Ersoy Gogus Kalp Damar Cerrahisi Egitim Arastirma HastanesiIstanbulTurkey

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