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Giant Pulmonary Valve Cyst in a 7-Year-Old Child

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Abstract

This report describes the diagnosis and surgical management of a pulmonary valve cystic mass in a symptomatic 7-year-old boy. Cardiac valve cysts are extremely rare beyond the age of 6 months and typically not associated with symptoms. These lesions may grow, leading to progressive stenosis, regurgitation, or ventricular outflow tract obstruction. Therefore, these lesions should be monitored for change in size and/or, hemodynamic changes. Surgical intervention may be required for symptomatic patients.

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Acknowledgements

This work did not require external financial support and is submitted with the full knowledge and approval of the listed co-authors.

Author information

Correspondence to Hani Ghawi.

Electronic supplementary material

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Video clip 2 Transthoracic two-dimensional high-short parasternal view showing posterior and anterior pulmonic cysts. (AVI 17984 kb)

Video clip 3 Transthoracic two-dimensional parasternal long-axis view demonstrating large anterior and small posterior pulmonic cysts. (AVI 19244 kb)

Video clip 1 Transthoracic three-dimensional modified parasternal long-axis views demonstrating anterior pulmonic cysts. (AVI 2468 kb)

Video clip 2 Transthoracic two-dimensional high-short parasternal view showing posterior and anterior pulmonic cysts. (AVI 17984 kb)

Video clip 3 Transthoracic two-dimensional parasternal long-axis view demonstrating large anterior and small posterior pulmonic cysts. (AVI 19244 kb)

Video clip 4 Sagittal magnetic resonance angiographic (MRA) view showing significant pulmonic regurgitation and good right ventricular function. (AVI 416 kb)

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Ghawi, H., Polimenakos, A.C., Gonzalez, I. et al. Giant Pulmonary Valve Cyst in a 7-Year-Old Child. Pediatr Cardiol 33, 656–658 (2012) doi:10.1007/s00246-012-0164-4

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Keywords

  • Cardiac valve cyst
  • Right ventricular outflow tract obstruction
  • Regurgitation
  • Stenosis