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Cardiovascular Embryology

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Abstract

During the first 20 days of development, the human embryo has no cardiovascular structure. Over the next month, the heart and great vessels complete their development and look very much like they will at full gestation. This amazing process transforms isolated angiogenic cell islets into a complex, four-chambered structure. During this transformation, the single heart tube begins to beat at 23 days of development and by 30 days blood circulates through the embryo.

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Author information

Correspondence to R. Abdulla.

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Abdulla, R., Blew, G. & Holterman, M. Cardiovascular Embryology. Pediatr Cardiol 25, 191–200 (2004) doi:10.1007/s00246-003-0585-1

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Keywords

  • Heart
  • Cardiovascular
  • Embryology
  • Primitive heart
  • Heart looping
  • Outflow tract septation