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Organohalogenated Contaminants (OHCs) in Surface Sediments and Water of East Dongting Lake and Hong Lake, China

  • Liangfu Wei
  • Ababo Workineh Tadesse
  • Jun WangEmail author
Article

Abstract

East Dongting Lake and Hong Lake are two typical lakes in the middle watershed of the Yangtze River, China. The differences in the hydrological condition and human activities of the region may result in the differences in concentrations, distribution, and sources of contaminants. The levels, sources, distribution, and ecological risk of OHCs, including 15 OCPs, 7 PCBs, and 7 PBDEs in surface sediments and water from this region, were investigated. OCPs and PCBs were the predominant pollutants in water and sediments samples, respectively. Source analysis showed that HCHs, PBDEs, and PCBs were mainly from the historical input of commercial products, but there were recent discharges of DDT into the water. The spatial distribution of OHCs showed that higher levels of OHCs in sediments and water were found in the sampling sites far away from the estuary of Hong Lake, but such obvious distribution characteristic was not found in East Dongting Lake. TOC played a crucial role in the retention of OCPs in the sediments of Hong Lake, but significant correlation between TOC and OCPs for East Dongting Lake, TOC and PCBs or PBDEs for both lakes were not found. The possible adverse biological effects could be caused by OCPs residues in sediments of both lakes, and it was worse for Hong Lake. The noncarcinogenic and carcinogenic risk assessment of HCHs and DDTs indicated the water quality of both lakes was safe for bathing and drinking. The potential ecotoxicological risks of PBDEs and PCBs of both lakes were rather low.

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was funded by the “Hundred Talents Program,” the Knowledge Innovative Key Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Y329671K01).

Supplementary material

244_2018_564_MOESM1_ESM.docx (1.7 mb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 1745 kb)

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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Liangfu Wei
    • 1
    • 3
  • Ababo Workineh Tadesse
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Jun Wang
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Aquatic Botany and Watershed Ecology, Wuhan Botanical GardenChinese Academy of SciencesWuhanChina
  2. 2.Sino-Africa Joint Research CenterChinese Academy of SciencesWuhanChina
  3. 3.University of Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina

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