E-cadherin expression and PSA secretion in human prostate epithelial cells
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Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) is the most widely used marker for the diagnosis of prostate cancer and is an independent predictor of prostatic capsular invasion. A number of studies have identified E-cadherin, a cell adhesion protein, as a potential invasion suppressor which is decreased in prostate adenocarcinoma. Our goal in the present study was to evaluate E-cadherin expression in primary cultures and determine the relationship between E-cadherin expression and PSA secretion in both primary cultures and the prostate tumor cell line, LNCaP. Immunohistochemical studies and Western blot analysis confirmed greater expression of E-cadherin in normal epithelial cells than tumor-derived prostate cells. This is the first report that the incubation of normal prostate epithelial cells with E-cadherin antibody increases the amount of PSA detected in the media of normal cells as well as in LNCaP. Since E-cadherin may function as an invasion suppressor, an understanding of the decreased expression of this adhesion factor and the impact on PSA secretion may aid in understanding epithelial tumorigenesis.
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