Combined antegrade and retrograde access to difficult ureters: revisiting the rendezvous technique
Complex ureteric strictures present a significant challenge to the endourologist and uro-radiologist. Multiple separate interventions to try to cross the stricture are often attempted. We describe our experience managing a heterogenous patient group using the ‘rendezvous’ procedure.
Methods and materials
16 patients and 18 ureters (one bilateral procedure, and two separate procedures in one patient) underwent rendezvous procedures. Seven patients had coexisting ureteric calculi treated. Each case was followed up for between 3 months and 5 years.
In 16/18 ureters there was technical success at time of surgery; successfully crossing the stricture, allowing ureteroscopic access to the ureter, dilating and/or stenting the ureter. 2/18 were unsuccessful; one secondary to advanced malignancy resulting in a uretero-vaginal fistula and the second a failure to remove a retained, displaced ureteric stent. Of the 18 ureteric procedures; 7/18 were stent free at 3 months, improving to 8/18 stent free at 6 months. 4/18 remained nephrostomy dependent (failure of drainage despite stent or failure to stent) at 3 months, increasing to 6/18 being nephrostomy dependent at 6 months. 1/16 remained dialysis dependent with a nephrostomy tube. For those procedures involving ureteric calculi, 6/7 were stone free and 1/5 had a persistent stone fragment requiring further intervention.
A combined approach may decrease the number of separate interventions required, with the aim of removing the need for a long-term nephrostomy, as well as providing opportunity to treat ureteric calculi in the context of stricture disease. Our experience has been that where the rendezvous has been required to treat strictures caused by malignant extrinsic compression, stenting has not been successful; this information is key to informed consent in a group of patients who may have a limited life expectancy.
KeywordsUreteric stricture Ureteroscopy Rendezvous technique Ureteric obstruction
Deverill—data collection and writing. Osborne, Woodhouse, Shennoy—performed cases. Johnston—manuscript editing. Keoghane—senior author, surgeon, editing and project developer.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors have no conflicts of interest.
Informed consent was obtained from patients prior to each operation.
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