Liposuction fat emboli resulting in myocardial infarction: a case report and review of the literature
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Liposuction is a well-tolerated and safe procedure performed by plastic surgeons. Rare, major complications include infection, perforation of abdominal wall/viscus, and fat emboli. Fat emboli, seen more often after long bone fractures, are rarely associated with liposuction. We report the only known case of myocardial infarction (MI) secondary to fat embolism in the setting of post-procedural liposuction. A review of the literature was undertaken to elucidate the pathophysiology of liposuction-associated fat embolism, identify patient and procedural risk factors, discuss diagnostic criterion, and identify management of this rare but potentially fatal complication.
Level of Evidence: V
Type of study: Risk study
KeywordsSuction assisted lipectomy Liposuction Fat emboli Fat emoli syndrome Myocardial infarction
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflicts of interest
Dr. Grome, Dr. Bartlett, and Dr. Izaddoost declare that they have no conflict of interest.
All patient information has been de-identified and informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.
There was no funding provided for this study.
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
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