There is an exception to every rule—T2-FLAIR mismatch sign in gliomas
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The T2-FLAIR mismatch sign, in which a low-grade glioma is hyperintense on T2-weighted MR and centrally hypointense on T2-weighted FLAIR MR, has been reported as 100% specific for IDH-mutant astrocytomas in several series. We report several cases of “false positive” T2-FLAIR mismatch sign occurring outside the context of IDH-mutant astrocytomas, predominantly in children or young adults with pediatric-type gliomas. These results suggest caution in the interpretation of the T2-FLAIR mismatch sign in the pediatric glioma population.
KeywordsGlioma MRI IDH-mutation FLAIR Mismatch
Compliance with ethical standards
This study was funded in part by a RSNA Research Scholar Grant (RSCH1819) (to SHP).
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
All procedures performed in the studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. For this type of study formal consent is not required.
For this type of retrospective study formal consent is not required.
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