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Heat and Mass Transfer

, Volume 55, Issue 12, pp 3613–3631 | Cite as

Citrullus colocynthis - an experimental investigation with enzymatic lipase based methyl esterified biodiesel

  • Arularasu SivalingamEmail author
  • Annamalai Kandhasamy
  • Appuraja Senthil Kumar
  • Elumalai Perumal Venkatesan
  • Lingesan Subramani
  • Krishnamoorthy Ramalingam
  • J. Paul James Thadhani
  • Harish Venu
Original
  • 42 Downloads

Abstract

The intensification of energy claim and inadequate fossil fuel wealth instruct the way to renewable-based energy development that is to say vegetable oils, seed oils, plants oil and animal fats and etc. The experimental study investigated the significance of biodiesel replaced for diesel. The biodiesel is obtained by two intrinsic methods from Citrullus colocynthis, one with methyl ester and other with enzymatic lipase-based methyl ester transesterification process. The process involves Fe3O4+ thermomyces lanuginosus lipase as a catalyst for transesterification. The fuel extruded from these methods is tested with a single cylinder four stroke DI diesel engine to investigate the performance emission and combustion parameters. Initially, Novel immobilization-based lipase transesterification method was involved in the extrusion of oil from Citrullus colocynthis seed and a yield of 90% with a time frame of 0 to 73 h, the extrusion was also escalated with conventional transesterification. The investigation shows that the fuel undergoes good combustion and the performance parameters were improved which in turns reflects the reduction of emission. The brake thermal efficiency of lipase immobilized biodiesel (Blend-L) is 29.86% at full load condition which is fairly less than diesel (31.33%) followed by a value of 28.93% at full load condition for conventional transesterified biodiesel. When the fuels are combusted the heat release rate and peak pressure is quite less than diesel fuel for Blend-L. The emission parameters such as PM and NOx are comparatively high than diesel and the remaining emission showed significantly reduced values.

Nomenclature

DI

Direct injection

BLEND-L

Lipase catalyst trans esterified blend

BLEND T

Conventional trans esterified blend

PM

Particulate matter

NOx

Oxides of nitrogen

I.C

Internal combustion

FFA

Free fatty acid

CI

Compression ignition

KOH

Potassium hydroxide

H2SO4

Sulfuric acid

CO

Carbon monoxide

HC

Hydrocarbon

BSFC

Brake specific fuel consumption

BTE

Brake Thermal Efficiency

B20

20% biodiesel +80% diesel

B40

40% biodiesel +60% diesel

ASTM

American society for testing and materials

EN

European committee for standardization

EGT

Exhaust gas temperature

SFC

Specific fuel consumption

UHC

Unburned hydrocarbon

Mg

Magnesium

Mn

Manganese

Ca

Calcium

Cu

Copper

SO2

Sulfur dioxide

Al2O3

Aluminium oxide

CuO

Copper (II) oxide

Fe3O4

Iron (III) oxide

FAME

Fatty acid methyl ester

ID

Ignition Delay

CCME

Citrullus colocynthis methyl ester

LBME

Lipase-based methyl ester

Notes

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Arularasu Sivalingam
    • 1
    Email author
  • Annamalai Kandhasamy
    • 1
  • Appuraja Senthil Kumar
    • 1
  • Elumalai Perumal Venkatesan
    • 1
  • Lingesan Subramani
    • 1
  • Krishnamoorthy Ramalingam
    • 1
  • J. Paul James Thadhani
    • 1
  • Harish Venu
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Automobile EngineeringMadras Institute of Technology (MIT) Campus, Anna UniversityChennaiIndia
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical EngineeringSaveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences (SIMATS)ChennaiIndia

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